NEW YORK — — Is it any wonder that a city renowned for its lofty skyscrapers has created a stunning park in the sky?
The High Line Park, a 1930s-era elevated rail line, has been transformed into vibrant green space, perched some 30 feet above Manhattan. There aren't many spots in a bustling city where the cacophony of horns and rushing traffic below melds with the Zen-like peace of an urban sanctuary up above. Yet the High Line, which was opened in 2009 and bills itself as the first public park of its kind nationwide, manages to achieve that feat.
It's a sensory feast with a visual layout and meticulous landscaping worthy of a French Impressionist canvas. More than 300 species of plants, wildflowers, shrubs, grasses and trees sprout from the beds of industrial railroad tracks, some of vintage steel and others that have been carefully restored. An interconnected series of concrete planked paths and walkways with pebbles underfoot meanders for a mile, winding its way through several New York City neighborhoods.
Art abounds: from sculpture, photo installation set against the backdrop of the sky, signature design flourishes such as art deco railings. Here and there are slatted benches and grassy plots where one can read, relax or savor views of the Hudson River and such landmarks as the Empire State Building.
It all makes for a delightful way to commune with nature and the urban landscape. Whether for a day trip or a weekend in the city that never sleeps, the park has drawn folks from near and far.
"The High Line welcomed more than 3.7 million visitors in 2011," says Kate Lindquist, a spokeswoman for the park.
Recent park surveys show nearly 50 percent of those who enjoy the site are New Yorkers, she said. "The remaining half is split between visitors from other parts of the United States and abroad."
The High Line joins the pantheon of New York City green spaces (including Central Park) that offer oases for urbanites. While Central Park dates back to the 1800s, the origin of the High Line Park is a more contemporary tale.
It's the familiar saga of local residents who, faced with a neighborhood problem, galvanized the community and pushed government officials to help them with creative solutions. Prior to 2009, the abandoned tracks were overgrown and the surrounding environs had seen better days.
The elevated tracks were built in the 1930s to move dangerous freight traffic off busy streets. The last freight train to make its journey across the tracks overhead passed through in 1980, toting a shipment of frozen poultry. During the administration of former mayor Rudy Giuliani, the High Line was slated for demolition. That was until area residents Joshua David and Robert Hammond decided to start a movement. In 1999, they established an advocacy group, Friends of the High Line, intent on turning the defunct rail into an elevated park and greenway.
It took a decade of planning, as well as public and private investment. Friends of the High Line raised millions from local residents and celebrities such as designer Diane von Furstenberg. Meanwhile, the rail structure south of 30th Street was donated to New York City by CSX Transportation, Inc.
Construction began in 2006, and three years later, community partners joined Mayor Michael Bloomberg in unveiling the first section of the High Line.
A second section has since opened and a third addition to the park is in the planning stages.
Today, the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation, the "Friends" and a team of horticultural experts work cooperatively to ensure that the 6.7-acre park is well-maintained and tended to day to day.
On a recent weekend in New York, crowds of students, adults and children enjoyed the scenery and sun.
The High Line also hosts weekly stargazing nights at which astronomy buffs and others can view the stars and planets with telescopes. There are walking tours, opportunities to see art exhibits, and culinary vendors where one can grab a gourmet popsicle or a taco.
Meanwhile, the city beckons and bustles underneath the park. The High Line spans three dynamic Manhattan neighborhoods: the Meatpacking District, West Chelsea, and Hell's Kitchen/Clinton.
When the original High Line was built back in the '30s, these communities were bastions of industrial warehouses and factories. Now, travelers will not only see new residential areas, but also art galleries, design studios, retailers, restaurants and museums.
To that end, the southern tip of the High Line is the future location of a new Whitney Museum of American Art. Construction is under way at the site (at the corner of Gansevoort and Washington streets) with a projected opening date of 2015, according to officials.
The museum should provide one more reason to journey to the High Line, New York's original park in the sky.
If you go
New York City is about a four-hour drive from Baltimore. The city is serviced by Amtrak, and Greyhound and the Bolt bus run regularly from downtown Baltimore.
In Manhattan, the High Line Park (first section) is located from Gansevoort Street to West 34th Street, between 10th and 11th avenues. The second section, which opened last summer, spans West 20th and West 30th streets.
The High Line park can be reached by several subway lines. Entrances are spaced every few blocks, and the park is ADA accessible, with a elevators at 16th and 14th streets.
Park rules prohibit bicycles, skateboards, skates and scooters, glass bottles, drinking alcohol (except in designated concession areas), and feeding birds or squirrels. Dogs are not allowed in the park.
Located within walking distance of Bryant Park and Central Park (and just steps from Times Square), Kimpton's The Muse offers chic accommodations in the heart of Manhattan. And this summer, executive chef Massimo De Francesca will create custom juice blends daily to beat the heat. 130 W. 46th St., New York, N.Y., 212-485-2400, http://www.themusehotel.com
Bark. Upper Chelsea Market Passage, on the High Line at West 15th Street. American classics that are made of locally sourced ingredients. Signature dishes include the Classic Dog, a pork-and-beef wiener basted with smoked lard butter and seasonal vegetable sides, such as local asparagus with pickled garlic vinaigrette.
La NewYorkina. On the High Line between West 17th and West 18th streets. Artisanal frozen treats with all-natural ingredients and natural sweeteners, such as organic cane sugar and local honey. Seasonal ice pop flavors include roasted plum, mango, chili, coconut, avocado, and tamarind.
The Taco Truck. Upper Chelsea Market Passage, on the High Line at West 15th Street. Menu favorites include carnitas michoacan tacos, pollo asado torta, and la unica salad.
Chelsea is chock full of art galleries, and in midtown Manhattan there's Broadway. Hot shows include Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess"with Audra McDonald at the Richard Rodgers Theatre and "A Streetcar Named Desire" with Blair Underwood and Baltimore native Nicole Ari Parker at The Broadhurst Theatre. Visitors seeking Broadway tickets can try the TKTS booth in Times Square for same-day, half-price tickets, or go to broadway.com.
Besides the High Line and Central Park, New York is home to a vast array of public green spaces in the city.
"Summer is the perfect time to explore the bucolic parks and gardens of New York City," says Christopher Heywood, a spokesman for NYC & Company, the marketing and tourism arm. "The five boroughs literally are in full bloom and there's no better time to experience the city's vibrancy and beauty."
Some to check out include: the Brooklyn Botanic Garden; Wave Hill and the New York Botanical Garden, both in the Bronx; Flushing-Meadows Corona Park in Queens; Snug Harbor on Staten Island and Governors Island, off the coast of Manhattan.
Speaking of the latter, Mayor Michael Bloomberg recently took part in a groundbreaking on 30 new acres of parkland and public spaces on Governors Island.
During the event, the mayor also announced the opening of the newly refurbished Castle William, once a fort built to defend New York City against the British during the War of 1812, then an Army prison and later a Coast Guard base.
With this summer marking the 200th anniversary of the War of 1812, the reopening is even more timely.
Visit the official NYC Information Center at 810 Seventh Avenue (between 52nd and 53rd streets). And to help plan your visit, officials recommend you try out the new"Save the Date"tool at nycgo.com: http://www.nycgo.com/savethedate.
For more info on NYC travel, go to http://www.nycgo.com
- Arts and Culture
- Tourism and Leisure
- Broadway Theater
- Central Park
- Railway Transportation
- Politics and Government
- Executive Branch
- Kandahar Massacre (2012)
- Michael Bloomberg
- Times Square
- Porgy and Bess (movie)
- Save the Date (movie)
- A Streetcar Named Desire (movie)
- Audra McDonald
- Nicole Ari Parker
- Blair Underwood