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One woman's life, as depicted by her dad

One woman's life, as depicted by her dad

The only daughter of eminent French artist Henri Matisse lived a long, eventful life. That is not what some might have predicted for Marguerite Matisse, who is the subject of an intimate, intriguing new exhibit at the Baltimore Museum of Art.

In 1901, at the age of 6, Marguerite contracted diphtheria and had to undergo an emergency tracheotomy to enable her to breathe. The prospects for her longevity were again put in doubt during World War II, when she was arrested and tortured by the Gestapo for her work in the French Resistance.

Marguerite, who escaped from the...