An outfielder who played with four teams in Major League Baseball between 1999 and 2005, the Minnesota Twins, Cleveland Indians, Florida Marlins, and Texas Rangers.
In the report: Mets clubhouse attendant Kirk Radomski believed he made between three and five sales to Allen involving Winstrol, testosterone, and Deca-Durabolin. According to Radomski, Allen could not afford human growth hormone. Allen met with investigators after his return from Japan, and has been cooperating with federal authorities.
Rick Ankiel 2007 team: St. Louis Cardinals
Left-hander was a rookie phenom on the mound in 2000, but wildness and injuries derailed his pitching career. So he switched to the outfield a few years later and began long climb back to the big leagues. Called up in August, he batted .358 with nine homers and 29 RBIs in first 23 games after being brought up from minors. Just as his unique comeback was making Ankiel the feel-good story of the season, the New York Daily News reported he received eight shipments of prescription human growth hormone in 2004. Ankiel admitted he used HGH, saying any drugs he took were prescribed by a doctor as part of his recovery from elbow surgery. Baseball recently concluded there was "insufficient evidence" to determine he committed a doping violation.
In the report: Ankiel reportedly had been issued prescriptions for the drugs that were signed by Dr. William Gogan, a physician that the Daily News reported was affiliated with The Health and Rejuvenation Center of Palm Beach Gardens. Ankiel's orders were shipped from Signature Pharmacy to the clinic.
David Bell 2007 team: Out of baseball
Steady third baseman played very well for San Francisco in 2002 NLCS and World Series. Spent 12 years in the majors, batting .257 with 123 homers. Hampered by chronic back problems, Bell made his last big league appearance in 2006 with Milwaukee.
In the report: According to the Sports Illustrated article, Bell reportedly purchased six packages of human chorionic gonadatropin ("HCG") from Applied Pharmacy Services of Mobile, Ala., in April 2005. The SI article reported that Bell acknowledged to reporters that he received the drugs but explained that he had received a prescription for them.
Marvin Benard 2007 team: Out of baseball
Quick outfielder played for San Francisco with Barry Bonds from 1995-2003, hitting .271 with 54 homers and 105 stolen bases. Had career-best 16 home runs and 27 steals with .290 average in '99. The San Francisco Chronicle reported in March 2004 that federal investigators were told by BALCO that Benard received performance-enhancing drugs.
In the report: Benard is mentioned in sections on BALCO as having obtained "the clear" and "the cream" from Greg Anderson. He was also subpoenaed to appear before the BALCO grand jury. After Giants manager Dusty Baker, with whom Benard was close, learned of allegations that Benard had used steroids, he said he was "completely shocked." At the time, he had asked Benard if the allegations were true, and Benard confirmed them, but said he had stopped.
Gary Bennett Jr. 2007 team: St. Louis Cardinals
A catcher who since 1995 has played with seven teams in Major League Baseball, Bennett Jr. played for the Philadelphia Phillies, New York Mets, Colorado Rockies, San Diego Padres, Milwaukee Brewers, Washington Nationals, and St. Louis Cardinals.
In the report: Radomski said that Denny Neagle referred Bennett to him. Neagle and Bennett were teammates in 2001 and 2002 with the Colorado Rockies. Radomski recalled one transaction with Bennett in July 2003 for two kits of human growth hormone. Radomski produced one check from Bennett payable to Radomski in the amount of $3,200 dated July 13, 2003. Bennett declined to meet with Mitchell.
Larry Bigbie 2007 team: Minor leagues
An outfielder who played from 2001-06 for the Baltimore Orioles, Colorado Rockies, and St. Louis Cardinals.
In the report: Radomski sold a variety of performance enhancing substances to Bigbie on a number of occasions. Bigbie consistently paid by check. Because Bigbie was young and "not making that much money," Radomski said he charged Bigbie no more than his cost for the substances. Radomski retrieved from his banks three checks written by Bigbie.
Barry Bonds 2007 team: San Francisco Giants
Home run king pleaded not guilty this month to perjury and obstruction of justice charges after a grand jury indicted him for allegedly lying under oath about using steroids. If convicted, legal experts say Bonds could spend up to 2½ years in prison. "I know that when all of this is over, I will be vindicated," the seven-time NL MVP said in a statement on his Web site. The case also might jeopardize his potential election to the Hall of Fame. ... In 2003, Bonds testified before a federal grand jury that he hadn't knowingly used performance-enhancing drugs, even though prosecutors say he flunked a private steroids test in 2000. In his testimony, Bonds said he thought his personal trainer, Greg Anderson, was giving him flaxseed oil and an arthritic balm. Authorities suspected those substances were actually "the clear" and "the cream," two steroids linked to BALCO. ... Bonds went from a skinny, speedy outfielder early in his career to a bulked-up slugger in his mid-to-late 30s. He hit his 756th homer on Aug. 7, breaking Hank Aaron's career record, and finished the year with 762. He also holds the season mark of 73 set in 2001. The 43-year-old Bonds, who spent the past 15 seasons with San Francisco, is a free agent and is interested in playing again next season.
In the report: Bonds is mentioned 103 times in the report, more than any other current player, most often for his link to the BALCO investigation. Mitchell's staff interviewed the contractor who collected drug tests provided by Bonds in 2003, and details Bonds' relationship with Victor Conte as outlined in several news reports.
Kevin Brown 2007 team: Out of baseball
A veteran starter, Brown pitched for six teams between 1986 and 2005, including the Rangers, Padres, Marlins, Dodgers, Orioles and Yankees. He played in six All-Star games, was the Padres' player of the year in 1998 and the Dodgers' player of the year in 1999.
In the report: Brown was placed on the disabled list in June 2001 with a neck injury and in July 2001 with an elbow injury. After Brown got hurt, he called Radomski and asked for human growth hormone. Radomski sent HGH to Brown and in return received a package containing $8,000 in cash. According to Radomski, over the next two or three years he sold performance enhancing substances to Brown five or six times. Radomski recalled that Brown usually purchased multiple kits of HGH, paying with cash. At one point, Brown asked Radomski for Deca-Durabolin to help with an ailing elbow, and Radomski sold it to him.
Paul Byrd 2007 team: Cleveland Indians
Soft-tossing pitcher went 15-8 with a 4.59 ERA this season and 2-0 with a 3.60 mark in two playoff starts. Before Game 7 of the ALCS in Boston, he acknowledged taking human growth hormone after the San Francisco Chronicle reported he spent nearly $25,000 on the banned drug between August 2002 and January 2005. Byrd, expected to be interviewed by the commissioner's office about the report, said he was prescribed HGH to medicate a "pituitary tumor." The Indians picked up his $7.5 million option for 2008.
In the report: The report details the Chronicle story and Byrd's admission that it was used to treat a tumor on his pituitary gland. The Chronicle reported that two of Byrd's prescriptions had been written by a Florida dentist whose license was suspended in 2003.
Ken Caminiti Died in October 2004
The 1996 NL MVP, a three-time All-Star and Gold Glove winner, Caminiti batted .272 with 239 homers in 15 seasons, mostly with Houston and San Diego. His career ended after the 2001 season. He died in 2004 of a drug overdose at age 41. Was the first big star to publicly admit using steroids.
In the report: Sports Illustrated reported in May 2002 that Caminiti started taking steroids in '96 with the Padres while recovering from a shoulder injury. He also estimated that 50 percent of big league players were using performance-enhancing substances.
Jose Canseco 2007 team: Out of baseball
An admitted steroids user, the power-hitting outfielder won the 1988 AL MVP award with Oakland after becoming the first major leaguer to hit 40 homers and steal 40 bases in one season. In his 2005 book "Juiced," Canseco said he injected Mark McGwire with steroids and introduced several other players to the drugs, leading to a March 2005 congressional hearing on the issue. The former slugger, one of several players who testified at the hearing, also implicated Rafael Palmeiro, Juan Gonzalez and Ivan Rodriguez. Canseco has said he spoke with George Mitchell as part of the former Senate Majority Leader's investigation. A six-time All-Star and '86 AL Rookie of the Year, Canseco played his final big league season in 2001. He finished with 462 homers and 1,407 RBIs.
In the report: Sports Illustrated reported that Canseco made purchases in 2004 of HGH (somatropin), testosterone, stanozolol, and HCG, along with 340 syringes using a now-defunct Florida anti-aging clinic called Health Watch. The purchases were shipped to Canseco at his home in California.
Mark Carreon 2007 team: Out of baseball
An outfielder from 1987-96, Carreon played for the New York Mets, Detroit Tigers, San Francisco Giants, and Cleveland Indians.
In the report: Radomski said that he provided Carreon with Dianabol pills toward the end of his tenure with the Giants, where he played from 1994 through the middle of the 1996 season. According to Radomski, Carreon told him that the "ball was jumping off his bat" and that he could hit farther because of the anabolic steroids he used.
2007 team: Toronto Blue Jays
A utility player, Clark was has played in the majors since 2002 with the Baltimore Orioles and Toronto Blue Jays.
In the report: Radomski said that he made four or five sales of HGH to Clark and that Clark paid him by money order or check. Radomski produced two money orders received from Clark. They are dated April 7 and May 19, 2005, and totaled $1,200.
Roger Clemens 2007 team: New York Yankees
One of the game's greatest pitchers, he ranks eighth on the career wins list with 354 and owns a record seven Cy Young Awards. The 45-year-old right-hander was 6-6 with a 4.18 ERA this season, his 24th in the majors. A free agent, he hasn't said if he plans to pitch next season. In October 2006, the Los Angeles Times reported Clemens' name was included in the affidavit of a federal agent who said former big league pitcher Jason Grimsley implicated several players in the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Players in the report denied using steroids. Clemens, who played with Grimsley on the Yankees in 1999 and 2000, called it "dangerous and malicious and reckless." Clemens' agent, Randy Hendricks, said he was told Grimsley denied making the statements attributed to him in the affidavit of IRS Special Agent Jeff Novitzky. Kevin Ryan, then the U.S. Attorney in San Francisco, said the Times report contained "significant inaccuracies."
In the report: According to former New York Yankees major league strength and conditioning coach Brian McNamee, from the time that McNamee injected Clemens with Winstrol through the end of the 1998 season, Clemens' performance showed remarkable improvement. During this time, Clemens reportedly told McNamee that the steroids "had a pretty good effect" on him. McNamee told investigators that "during the middle of the 2000 season, Clemens made it clear that he was ready to use steroids again. During the latter part of the regular season, McNamee injected Clemens in the buttocks four to six times with testosterone from a bottle labeled either Sustanon 250 or Deca-Durabolin."
Jack Cust 2007 team: Oakland Athletics
An outfielder, Cust began his major league career with the Arizona Diamondbacks in 2001, and has since played for the Colorado Rockies, Baltimore Orioles, San Diego Padres and Oakland Athletics.
In the report: Cust asked teammate Larry Bigbie at Baltimore's Triple-A affiliate in 2003 whether Bigbie had ever tried steroids. Bigbie acknowledged he had, and Cust said that he also had tried steroids.
Brendan Donnelly 2007 team: Boston Red Sox
A free-agent after the Red Sox non-tendered his contract, Donnelly was selected to play in the All-Star game in 2003. He has also played with the Los Angeles Angels.
In the report: Radomski recalled that Donnelly called him in 2004 looking for Anavar, an anabolic steroid. Radomski made one sale to Donnelly of Deca-Durabolin for which Donnelly paid $250 to $300. In considering whether to trade for Donnelly in 2007, Red Sox baseball operations personnel internally discussed concerns that Donnelly was using performance enhancing substances. That conversation is detailed in an e-mail to vice president of player personnel Ben Cherington dated Dec. 13, 2006, from Zack Scott of the Red Sox baseball operations staff.
Chris Donnels 2007 team: Out of baseball
Donnels played parts of eight seasons as an infielder 1991-02 with the New York Mets, Houston Astros, Boston Red Sox, Los Angeles Dodgers, and Arizona Diamondbacks.
In the report: Radomski sold HGH and steroids to Donnels from 2000-04. Radomski produced eight checks and money orders from Donnels. The earliest was dated Nov. 29, 2001 and the latest June 23, 2004; they totaled $9,950.
Lenny Dykstra 2007 team: Out of baseball
Nicknamed "Nails" for his daring play, the three-time All-Star was runner-up for NL MVP in 1993, when he led Philadelphia to the World Series. A productive leadoff hitter, he went from a skinny speedster with the New York Mets to a muscular outfielder with the Phillies.
In the report: According to Radomski, when Dykstra reported to spring training in 1989, "his increased size was noticeable." When Radomski asked him about his increased size, Dykstra admitted to taking steroids. After the Phillies lost the 1993 World Series, Dykstra called Radomski and asked whether Radomski could get Dykstra steroids. Although Radomski does not remember the exact time frame, he recalled providing Dykstra with Deca-Durabolin, Dianabol, and testosterone.
Bobby Estalella 2007 team: Out of baseball
Light-hitting catcher played nine seasons in the majors from 1996-2004, batting .216 with 48 homers. In December 2004, the San Francisco Chronicle reported Estalella told a grand jury he used HGH and undetectable BALCO drugs, provided by Greg Anderson.
In the report: Estalella is mentioned in connection with BALCO, having received human growth hormone from Greg Anderson. He also admitted receiving substances to the grand jury, as reported by the San Francisco Chronicle. The report also cited the book "Game of Shadows" by two Chronicle reporters, noting that Estalella had received a drug schedule from Anderson advising him to use HGH, "the cream," ''the clear" and the female fertility drug Clomid. After the 2003 season, when the Los Angeles Dodgers considered signing him as a free agent, one team official noted in an internal conversation that Estalella was a "poster boy for the chemicals."
Matt Franco 2007 team: Out of baseball
A light-hitting infielder for the New York Mets, Chicago Cubs, and Atlanta Braves, Franco played from 1995-2003.
In the report: Radomski said that he sold Franco steroids on one occasion in 2000 after Franco called him to place the order. Franco denied he ever met, knew or talked with Radomski.
Ryan Franklin 2007 team: St. Louis Cardinals
Right-hander went 4-4 with a 3.04 ERA in 69 relief appearances this year, his eighth major league season. While pitching for Seattle, he was suspended 10 days in August 2005 for violating the steroids policy. He said he had no idea how he tested positive, though he did say he took supplements he bought at a nutrition store. "There's got to be a flaw in the system," Franklin said. "I have no clue. I tested in (early) May and again three weeks later. The first was positive, the second was negative."
In the report: Radomski said that Ron Villone referred Franklin to him. Franklin was a teammate of Ron Villone, who called Radomski and told him to send Anavar and Deca-Durabolin to Franklin. Radomski did so.
Eric Gagne 2007 teams: Texas Rangers, Boston Red Sox
Closer and three-time All-Star for the Los Angeles Dodgers who won NL Cy Young in 2003 after 55 saves. Signed with Milwaukee in December.
In the report: Although he is not sure when, Radomski recalled that Gagne's Dodgers teammate, Paul Lo Duca, called Radomski and told him that Gagne wanted to buy human growth hormone. Radomski said the only time he spoke to Gagne was when the closer asked him how to get air out of a syringe and that Lo Duca thereafter placed orders on Gagne's behalf. Radomski said that he mailed two shipments to Gagne, each consisting of two kits of human growth hormone. One was sent to Gagne's home in Florida. The other was sent to Dodger Stadium. When the Boston Red Sox considered acquiring Gagne after the 2006 season, general manager Theo Epstein emailed a scout to ask, "Have you done any digging on Gagne? I know the Dodgers think he was a steroid guy. Maybe so. What do you hear on his medical?" The scout, Mark Delpiano, responded that "steroids IS the issue. Has had a checkered medical past throughout career including minor leagues. Lacks the poise and commitment to stay healthy, maintain body and re invent self."
Jason Giambi 2007 team: New York Yankees
A five-time All-Star and the 2000 AL MVP, the first baseman has been hampered by injuries and batted .235 with 14 homers and 39 RBIs this year. Under threat of discipline from commissioner Bud Selig, Giambi became the first active player known to have spoken with George Mitchell when he interviewed on July 13 after he appeared to admit using steroids in a USA Today report. "I will address my own personal history regarding steroids. I will not discuss in any fashion any other individual," Giambi said in a statement issued by the players' association. Testified to the BALCO grand jury in December 2003 that he used steroids obtained from Greg Anderson and used HGH, the San Francisco Chronicle reported in December 2004.
In the report: Giambi was interviewed for the investigation, and stated he began using steroids in 2001, purchasing Deca-Durabolin from a contact he met at a gym in Las Vegas. He said he injected himself once a week, always at home, and said he continued to do so through the 2002 season. Giambi said he met trainer Greg Anderson in November 2002, who told him he would prepare a calendar that would tell Giambi what substances to take, and when, so that he would not test positive in baseball's drug testing program, to begin in 2003. Giambi said he used "the cream" and "the clear," which he obtained from Anderson.
Jeremy Giambi 2007 team: Out of baseball
Brother of Jason, the outfielder/first baseman played in the major leagues from 1998-2003. Testified before the BALCO grand jury and was quoted as saying in March 2005 by The Kansas City Star as admitting he used steroids. "It's something I did," Giambi told the newspaper. "I apologize. I made a mistake. I moved on."
In the report: BALCO founder Victor Conte said he sold "the cream" and "the clear" and advised on their use to dozens of elite athletes, including Jason and Jeremy Giambi. BALCO vice president Jim Valente said both Giambi brothers came back to BALCO to see if a steroid they'd taken some time ago was still detectable in their systems. The urine that BALCO collected and sent for testing came back positive for steroids.
Jay Gibbons 2007 team: Baltimore Orioles
Batted .230 with six homers and 28 RBIs this year. It was the poorest season of his seven-year big league career, and it ended in mid-August because of shoulder surgery. The Los Angeles Times reported in October 2006 that the outfielder was among the blacked-out names in an affidavit by IRS Special Agent Jeff Novitzky claiming pitcher Jason Grimsley implicated him in drug use. In September, SI.com reported Gibbons received steroids and HGH from Signature Pharmacy from October 2003 and July 2005. On Dec. 6, Gibbons was suspended for the first 15 days of the 2008 season for violating baseball's drug policy. Gibbons chose not to contest the penalty, saying he was prescribed HGH. "I am deeply sorry for the mistakes that I have made," he said.
In the report: SI reported that Gibbons received six shipments of hGH (Genotropin), two shipments of testosterone and two shipments of HCG pursuant to prescriptions from South Beach Rejuvenation Center in Miami Beach, Fla., that were filled by Signature Pharmacy. The orders were shipped to Gibbons at his home in Arizona.
Troy Glaus 2007 team: Toronto Blue Jays
MVP of the 2002 World Series and a four-time All-Star, Glaus batted .262 with 20 home runs and 62 RBIs in 115 games this year. The third baseman's season was limited to 115 games because of foot and leg injuries, including a damaged nerve that was operated on in September. That same month, SI.com reported Glaus received steroids from Signature Pharmacy between September 2003 and May 2004. On Dec. 6, MLB said it found insufficient evidence to discipline Glaus.
In the report: Days before its article about Gibbons, SI reported Glaus purchased nandrolone and testosterone from the pharmacy through the New Hope Health Center, a California anti-aging clinic, using prescriptions written by Dr. Ramon Scruggs, a California physician who was suspended from practice as of March 2007 for issuing prescriptions over the internet.
Jason Grimsley 2007 team: Out of baseball
A journeyman who pitched in 552 games over 15 seasons, Grimsley admitted he used HGH, steroids and amphetamines, according to a May 2006 affidavit by IRS Special Agent Jeff Novitzky. Authorities tracked a package containing HGH to Grimsley's house that April 19. Grimsley, according to Novitzky, implicated other players in drug use. After his home was raided by federal agents in June 2006, Grimsley asked for Arizona to release him, and the team complied.
In the report: Radomski estimated he had engaged in at least seven or eight sales to Grimsley involving HGH, Deca-Durabolin and diet pills from 2000-03. Radomski produced 14 checks written by Grimsley from June 2, 2001, through July 29, 2005, totaling $35,400. Grimsley's name, with several addresses and telephone numbers, is listed in an address book seized by federal agents.
Jose Guillen 2007 team: Seattle Mariners
A veteran of 11 major league seasons, the 31-year-old batted .290 with 23 homers, 99 RBIs and 28 doubles for the Seattle Mariners this year. The San Francisco Chronicle reported in October 2007 that Guillen bought nearly $20,000 worth of steroids and HGH. Guillen was suspended Dec. 6 for the first 15 days of next season for violating MLB's drug agreement, and the players' association filed a grievance four days later to overturn the penalty. On the day he was suspended, Guillen agreed to a $36 million, three-year contract with the Kansas City Royals.
In the report: The Chronicle reported that Guillen purchased HGH, testosterone and other steroids through the Palm Beach Rejuvenation Center in multiple transactions over a three year period from 2002-04 and possibly also in 2005.
Jerry Hairston Jr. 2007 team: Texas Rangers
He is the son of Jerry Hairston, grandson of Sammy Hairston, brother of Scott Hairston and nephew of Johnny Hairston -- all major leaguers. Currently a free agent, the utilityman batted .189 last season for Texas.
In the report: Mets clubhouse attendant Kirk Radomski said that he sold human growth hormone to Hairston on two or three occasions during 2003 and 2004 and had one check from Hairston.
Matt Herges 2007 team: Colorado Rockies
Reliever who has played for seven teams since 1999, he was a teammate of Lo Duca's with the Los Angeles Dodgers from 1999 to 2001.
In the report: Radomski said Herges called him, having gotten his number from Lo Duca. Radomski said that he made two or three sales of human growth hormone to Herges. His first contact with Herges might have been as early as 2004 and his last sale to him was in late 2005, not long before federal agents executed the search warrant on Radomski's residence. Shortly after that, Herges again called Radomski and asked if he could sell him human growth hormone, but Radomski was cooperating with federal law enforcement authorities by then and informed Herges that he "was dry right now."
Glenallen Hill 2007 team: first-base coach for Colorado Rockies
Hill was an outfielder with seven major league teams from 1989-2001, Toronto, Cleveland, the Chicago Cubs, San Francisco, Seattle Mariners, the New York Yankees and Anaheim Angels.
In the report:In 2000, Radomski said that Hill told him that he was getting human growth hormone in San Francisco and was "not feeling anything." Radomski thereafter sent Hill a "sample bottle" of human growth hormone without charge and told him to try it. Hill tried it and told Radomski that he "felt everything you told me I would feel." Hill then purchased two kits of human growth hormone from Radomski.
As a current club employee, Hill was required to attend an interview with Mitchell, where his recollection differed from Radomski's account. Hill said he was given Radomski's contact information from a player Hill identified only as "David," whom he met during the 1998 season. Hill said that "David" admitted using steroids and was knowledgeable about its effects and the different types of anabolic steroids.
In late 2000, Hill contacted "David" and was given Radomski's contact information. According to Hill, he had approximately five telephone conversations with Radomski about the use and effects of steroids. Hill recalled that Radomski sold him Sustanon, but said he never used it.
When asked why he ordered and paid for steroids but did not use them, Hill said he was suffering from "marital stress" at the time. According to Hill, this was the only reason that he elected not to use the steroids he bought and this was the only time he purchased any performance enhancing substance and that he has never used any performance enhancing substance.
Hill also said his lawyers told him that disclosing the identities of players who used performance enhancing substances would harm his career in the major leagues.
Darren Holmes 2007 team: Out of baseball
A 13-year veteran, the reliever had a 35-33 record during a major league career that ended in 2003. Holmes received HGH and testosterone from Palm Beach Rejuvenation in October 2003, SI.com reported in March 2007. Holmes said he did order and receive the HGH but that the testosterone was unsolicited and unused, SI.com reported.
In the report: SI reported that Holmes had purchased HGH (somatropin) and testosterone from the Palm Beach Rejuvenation Center, which was shipped to Holmes's home in North Carolina. He reportedly admitted to reporters that he ordered HGH for shoulder pain but claimed that he never used it.
Todd Hundley 2007 team: out of baseball
Catcher and two-time All-Star for the New York Mets from 1990-98, later played for the Los Angeles Dodgers (1999-2000 and 2003, and the Chicago Cubs (2001-02). Hit 41 home runs in 1996, breaking the record for catchers held by Johnny Bench and Roy Campanella.
In the report: Radomski has known Hundley since 1988, when Hundley was in the Mets' minor league system. Beginning in 1996, Radomski said, he sold Deca-Durabolin and testosterone to Hundley three or four times. At the beginning of that year, Radomski told Hundley that if he used steroids, he would hit 40 home runs.
After the season in which Hundley hit 41 home runs (he'd never hit more than 16), Hundley took Radomski him out to dinner. Hundley later played on the Dodgers with Chris Donnels
Ryan Jorgenson 2007 team: Cincinnati Reds
The 28-year-old catcher has appeared in eight big league games, four with Florida in 2005 and four with Cincinnati this year. He was suspended for 50 games on Sept. 7 for violating the drug program.
Wally Joyner 2007 team: San Diego Padres hitting coach
An All-Star in 1986, the first baseman spent 16 seasons in the big leagues in a career that ended in 2001 and finished with 2,060 hits, 204 home runs and 1,106 RBIs. With San Diego in 1998, the 35-year-old obtained the name of a steroids source from teammate Ken Caminiti during spring training in 1998, ESPN The Magazine reported in November 2005.
In the report: In an interview for this investigation, Joyner said he struggled with the decision whether to try steroids, but eventually he decided to use them. After taking the drugs three times, Joyner decided that he had made a mistake, discarded the rest of the pills, and never tried illegal performance enhancing substances again.
David Justice 2007 team: Out of baseball
The 1990 Rookie of the Year for Atlanta and MVP of the 2000 AL championship series for the New York Yankees also made three All-Star teams.
In the report: Radomski said he made one sale to Justice, which occurred after the 2000 World Series. Justice paid Radomski by check for two or three kits of human growth hormone. Radomski said that he cashed this check. McNamee recalled that Justice asked him about human growth hormone in 2000 or 2001, while McNamee and Justice were both with the Yankees. According to McNamee, Justice admitted in this conversation that he had obtained human growth hormone from Radomski.
Chuck Knoblauch 2007 team: Out of baseball
Infielder played for Minnesota, New York Yankees and Kansas City from 1991-2002. Was the AL rookie of the year with Twins in 1991. Time with the Yankees overlapped McNamee's in 2000-01.
In the report: McNamee said that he acquired human growth hormone from Radomski for Knoblauch in 2001. Beginning during spring training and continuing through the early portion of the season, McNamee injected Knoblauch at least seven to nine times with human growth hormone. Knoblauch paid Radomski through Jason Grimsley and, once or twice, through McNamee.
Tim Laker 2007 team: minor league manager for the Cleveland Indians
A catcher who spent much of his career in the minor leagues, Laker played the majors for five teams, Montreal, Baltimore, Tampa Bay, Pittsburgh and Cleveland, from 1992-2006. He never appeared in more than 64 games and hit 11 home runs in his career.
In the report: Laker met Radomski through Segui, his teammate on the 1995 Expos. Radomski could recall only one or two cash transactions with Laker in the late 1990s involving Deca-Durabolin and testosterone but Laker acknowledged a total of four transactions during an interview with investigators, which he was required to attend.
Laker said that he first considered using steroids before the 1995 season and read up on the subject. He then bought steroids from Radomski at the Expos' New York hotel in 1995, while in town to play the Mets, paying him between $500 and $1,000 in cash. Laker's next purchase of performance enhancing substances from Radomski was in late 1996 or early 1997, after Laker completed his rehabilitation from elbow surgery.
He last made a purchase, testosterone and syringes in 1999 said he stopped using any performance enhancing substances in 2000. He also remembered an Expos trainer commenting on his improved physique in a manner that suggested that he thought Laker might be using steroids.
Paul Lo Duca 2007 team: New York Mets
Catcher was a teammate of Gagne's with the Dodgers, where he broke out with a 25-homer season in 2001 and batted .320. He hasn't approached those numbers since; 13 homers and a .286 average in 2004 are the closest he came. He went to Florida during the 2004 season, and came to the New York Mets before 2006.
In the report: Radomski estimated that he engaged in six or more transactions with Lo Duca, sending human growth hormone to Lo Duca's home or the Dodgers' clubhouse. Notes of a discussion among Dodgers officials in October 2003 indicated that the general belief was that he was no longer using steroids, adding: "Took away a lot of hard line drives."
Nook Logan 2007 team: Washington Nationals
Logan, a speedy outfielder who has played for Detroit and Washington since 2004, has never had more than 325 at-bats in a season. He hit .265 with 23 steals in 2007 for the Nationals, and has two homers in 870 career at-bats.
In the report: Logan was introduced to Radomski through teammate Rondell White. Radomski said he sold Logan one kit of HGH just before federal agents searched Radomski's home in December 2005. Logan paid by money order, Radomski said, and Logan's number was in Radomski's cell phone.
Gary Matthews Jr. 2007 team: Los Angeles Angels
After signing a $50 million, five-year contract with the Angels, was slowed by injuries this year and batted .252 with 18 homers and 72 RBIs. Was sent HGH by Applied Pharmacy in August 2004, SI.com reported in February 2007. "I have never taken HGH -- during the 2004 season or any other time," Matthews said in a statement. On Dec. 6, MLB said there was insufficient evidence to discipline Matthews.
In the report: The Times Union reported that Matthews appeared on a customer list of Applied Pharmacy Services. Syringes were found by Chad Allen, Matthews' teammate, in a drawer in an apartment the two shared while with the Rangers' Triple-A affiliate after the 2004 season.
Kent Mercker 2007 team: Out of baseball
A lefty, Mercker pitched for nine different teams from 1989-06. He spent the first seven years in Atlanta, and then pitched for Baltimore, Cleveland, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Boston, Anaheim, Colorado, Cincinnati and the Chicago Cubs. Mercker had a 1.95 ERA in 67 games as a lefty specialist in 2003 for the Reds and Braves.
In the report: Radomski said he sold one kit of HGH to Mercker in October 2002. Mercker had just had surgery and hoped it would accelerate his recovery. Mercker paid $1,600 by check, although the check number and date Radomski produced were not legible.
Denny Neagle 2007 team: Out of baseball
A two-time All-Star, Neagle pitched for six teams between 1991 and 2003, including Minnesota, Pittsburgh, Atlanta, Cincinnati, the New York Yankees and Colorado. Neagle went 20-5 with a 2.97 ERA for the Braves in 1997, finishing third in the Cy Young Award voting. He signed a $51 million, five-year deal with the Rockies in December, 2000, and went a combined 19-23 with an ERA well over 5.00 in parts of three seasons before injuries ended his career.
In the report: Kirk Radomski said he met Neagle at a club in New York in 2000, when Neagle played for the Yankees. Neagle later called Radomski "looking for HGH," and from 2000-04, Radomski said he made five or six sales of Human Growth Hormone and steroids to Neagle.
Rafael Palmeiro 2007 team: Out of baseball
A four-time All-Star, Palmeiro batted .288 with 569 homers and 1,835 RBIs over 20 seasons in the majors. He dramatically pointed his finger and told Congress in 2005 that he had never used steroids, then tested positive for the anabolic steroid stanozolol about six weeks later, leading to a 10-day ban from Major League Baseball. He denied intentionally taking steroids, saying teammate Miguel Tejada gave him vitamin B-12 that might have been tainted with performance-enhancing drugs. Tejada denied any wrongdoing.
In the report: Palmeiro was at the time the most well known player to be suspended for failing a test for performance-enhancing drugs. It prompted a congressional investigation into whether Palmeiro had committed perjury. In his book "Juiced," Jose Canseco claimed to have supervised the steroid use of Palmeiro and two other Texas Rangers players in 1992.
Andy Pettitte 2007 team: New York Yankees
Went 15-9 with a 4.05 ERA this year, and has 201 career wins in 13 seasons in the majors. The Los Angeles Times reported in 2006 that Pettitte was among the players former major league pitcher Jason Grimsley accused of using performance-enhancing drugs, according to a federal agent's affidavit. Pettitte denied the allegations, and a federal prosecutor said the newspaper report contained "significant inaccuracies."
In the report: According to McNamee, he recalled injecting Pettitte in 2002 with human growth hormone that McNamee obtained from Radomski on two to four occasions. Pettitte was rehabilitating an injury at the time.
Adam Piatt 2007 team: Out of baseball
Piatt was an outfielder for Oakland and Tampa Bay from 2000-03. He was the Athletics' minor league player of the year in 1999.
In the report: After Radomski's guilty plea, Piatt's lawyer called the investigators. In an interview, Piatt took full responsibility for his actions and said he had learned an important life lesson. Piatt said he had a viral infection and lost 24 pounds in ten days. He said he started considering using human growth hormone during the offseason, and got Radomski's number from Triple-A Sacramento teammate F.P. Santangelo during the 2002 season. Santangelo gave Piatt Radomski's name and number and told him "he will get you what you need." Piatt purchased Deca-Durabolin or testosterone along with HGH, but didn't use them for a long time, worrying about the long-term health risks. He began using the drugs in the offseason, injecting himself daily with HGH until he contracted carpal tunnel syndrome. He also took a shot of testosterone once a week for three to five weeks. Radomski provided eight checks from Piatt, totaling $11,550.
Todd Pratt 2007 team: out of baseball
Catcher played for four teams from 1992 to 2006, spending eight years in two separate stints with Philadelphia, five with the New York Mets from 1997-2001 as well as a season each with the Chicago Cubs and Atlanta. Best known for a series-winning homer in the 10th inning of the Mets' division series clincher over Arizona in 1999.
In the report: Radomski became acquainted with Pratt after he joined the Mets in 1997. Radomski said Pratt told him that he had previously bought Deca-Durabolin from another source. Sometime in 2000 or 2001, while he was still with the Mets, Pratt asked to buy anabolic steroids. Radomski made one or two sales of small amounts of steroids to Pratt. Radomski also recalled having a few discussions with Pratt regarding their use.
Armando Rios 2007 team: Out of baseball
Rios hit .269 with 36 homers and 167 RBIs over six seasons. He testified before the BALCO grand jury in 2003.
In the report: The San Francisco Chronicle reported in 2004 that Rios told a federal agent that he purchased human growth hormone and testosterone from Barry Bonds' trainer, Greg Anderson.
Brian Roberts 2007 team: Baltimore Orioles
A two-time All-Star, Roberts batted .290 with 12 homers and 57 RBIs this year. The Los Angeles Times reported in 2006 that Roberts was among the players former major league pitcher Jason Grimsley accused of using performance-enhancing drugs, according to a federal agent's affidavit. Roberts derided the accusations as "ridiculous," and a federal prosecutor said the newspaper report contained "significant inaccuracies."
In the report: According to former teammate Larry Bigbie, in 2004 Roberts admitted to him that he had injected himself once or twice with steroids in 2003.
John Rocker 2007 team: Out of baseball
Rocker went 13-22 with 88 saves and a 3.42 ERA in six seasons in the majors, last appearing with Tampa Bay in 2003. Jeopardized his career by making disparaging remarks against several groups while pitching for Atlanta.
In the report: SI.com reported in March that Rocker received two prescriptions for somatropin, a form of human growth hormone, between April and July 2003. In an interview on ESPN Radio, Rocker denied ever having an HGH prescription.
F.P. Santangelo 2007 team: Out of baseball
Santangelo was a utility player with Montreal, San Francisco, the Los Angeles Dodgers and Oakland between 1995-01. He is now a radio broadcaster.
In the report: Santangelo was referred to Radomski by David Segui, Radomski said. Radomski sold Santangelo HGH and had a single check dated October 23, 2000, for $1,400. Radomski also said he recalled selling Santangelo Deca-Durabolin and testosterone once or twice during 2001, when Santangelo was with Oakland.
Benito Santiago 2007 team: Out of baseball
Five-time All-Star catcher won three Gold Gloves and was the 1987 NL Rookie of the Year. Spent 20 seasons in the majors, finishing in 2005.
In the report: Santiago told the BALCO grand jury he got HGH and an injectable steroid from Greg Anderson, the San Francisco Chronicle reported.
Scott Schoeneweis 2007 team: New York Mets
Lefty was 0-2 with a 5.03 ERA in 70 games this season. Durable reliever helped the Angels win the 2002 World Series.
In the report: He received six shipments of steroids in 2003 and 2004 from Signature Pharmacy in Orlando, Fla., ESPN.com reported. Baseball recently concluded there was "insufficient evidence" to determine he committed a doping violation. Schoeneweis, who survived testicular cancer, told the New York Daily News he had never received shipments from Florida or even heard of Signature Pharmacy.
David Segui 2007 team: Out of baseball
Slick-fielding first baseman played 15 seasons, finishing with Baltimore in 2004.
In the report: Acknowledged he used HGH and said he was among the players mentioned by ex-teammate Jason Grimsley to federal investigators. Segui told ESPN's "Outside the Lines" he used HGH with a doctor's prescription because of a growth hormone deficiency. This week, he told the Baltimore Sun that he bought steroids and drugs from former Mets clubhouse attendant Kirk Radomski. Segui said he refused to talk to the Mitchell investigation.
Gary Sheffield 2007 team: Detroit Tigers
Hit 25 homers this season. Nine-time All-Star has 480 career HRs after 20 years. Told HBO he took the "clear" and the "cream," two designer steroids distributed by BALCO, but said he didn't know they were steroids. "Steroids is something you shoot in your butt," he said. Once worked out with Barry Bonds, then had a falling-out with the star.
In the report: The San Francisco Chronicle reported that Sheffield testified when he was training with Barry Bonds before the 2002 season, Bonds had "arranged for him to receive 'the cream, 'the clear' and red beans,' which prosecutors identified as steroid pills manufactured in Mexico. Sheffield reportedly was never told that the substances he was given were steroids. In his book, Sheffield claimed he did not know the cream he received was a steroid and asserted he "never touched a strength-building steroid in (his) life -- and never will."
Mike Stanton 2007 team: Cincinnati Reds
Played with eight teams since coming into the league in 1989, including seven each with the Atlanta Braves and New York Yankees. Selected to the All-Star team once and played in the World Series six times with the Braves and Yankees.
In the report: Radomski recalled making two sales of human growth hormone to Stanton. The first occurred in 2003, during Stanton's first season with the Mets. Radomski mailed two kits of human growth hormone to Stanton at his residence. Stanton paid Radomski $3,200 by money order. Radomski stated that he dropped off one kit of human growth hormone at Stanton's locker in the Mets clubhouse later in 2003. Stanton paid $1,600 in cash for that order.
Ricky Stone 2007 team: Cincinnati Reds
The right-handed Stone pitched for Houston, San Diego and Cincinnati from 2001-07, compiling an 11-9 record in 220 games as a reliever.
In the report: Stone lived in the same apartment complex as minor league strength coach Todd Seyler in 1999-00. In Stone's apartment before a game in July 1999, Seyler said he and Dodgers minor leaguers Stone, Matt Herges, Paul Lo Duca, Jeff Williams and Mike Judd injected themselves with steroids.
Miguel Tejada 2007 team: Baltimore Orioles
Four-time All-Star shortstop and former AL MVP. In 2005, then-teammate Rafael Palmeiro implied his positive test for steroids might have come from an injection of B-12 vitamin provided by Tejada. Earlier that year, Tejada denied taking steroids. "I know I'm clean. I know who I am, and I know everything that I do is right," he said.
In the report: Tejada's former Oakland teammate Adam Piatt said Tejada asked specifically if he had any steroids. Piatt admitted he had access to steroids and human growth hormone and agreed to obtain them for Tejada. Piatt recalled that he provided Tejada with testosterone or Deca-Durabolin, as well as human growth hormone. Piatt emphasized that he did not know whether Tejada actually used the substances.
Ismael Valdez 2007 team: Out of baseball
Went 104-105 in a 12-year career that ended in 2005.
In the report: Valdez bought $11,300 worth of growth hormone and other performance-enhancing drugs in 2002 from the Palm Beach Rejuvenation Center after he was traded from Texas to Seattle, the San Francisco Chronicle reported.
Mo Vaughn 2007 team: Out of baseball
Plump slugger was a three-time All-Star and AL MVP before finishing up with the Mets in 2003. In his last season, Vaughn told The New York Times he used supplements that contained ephedra. Vaughn said he did it for energy, not to lose weight.
In the report: Radomski said he sold human growth hormone to Vaughn. Radomski said that he delivered the substances to Vaughn personally. Radomski produced three checks drawn on Vaughn's checking account.
Randy Velarde 2007 team: Out of baseball
Solid infielder for 16 years, turned an unassisted triple play for Oakland. Got 200 hits in 1999 -- never had more than 151 in any other season.
In the report: Velarde received steroids and human growth hormone from BALCO, according to information given to federal investigators, the San Francisco Chronicle reported in 2004.
Ron Villone 2007 team: New York Yankees
A 13-year veteran left-handed reliever, Villone has played for nine teams, including Seattle, San Diego, Milwaukee, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Colorado, Houston, Pittsburgh, Florida and the Yankees. He is 55-57 with a 4.76 ERA, and has pitched in 580 games, including 93 starts. Villone had his best seasons in 1996-97, when he finished with ERAs under 3.50. Since then, he hasn't finished a season with an ERA under 4.00.
In the report: Villone was referred to Kirk Radomski by Denny Neagle, with whom Villone pitched in Colorado in 2001. In 2004-05, Radomski said he made three sales to Villone, each for two kits of human growth hormone.
Fernando Vina 2007 team: Out of baseball
Light-hitting infielder who played with five teams 1993-2004. He was an All-Star for the Milwaukee Brewers in 1998 and won two Gold Gloves as a second baseman. During the 2007 baseball season, he was a commentator for ESPN's "Baseball Tonight."
In the report: While Radomski was working for the Mets as a clubhouse attendant in 1993, he met Vina, who was then in the Mets' minor league system. Radomski stated that he sold anabolic steroids or human growth hormone to Vina six to eight times during 2000 to 2005. Radomski produced three checks from Vina.
Rondell White 2007 team: Minnesota Twins
Outfielder who has played with seven teams since 1993. Has hit more than 20 homers in a season four times and never more than 28.
In the report: According to Radomski, White started buying performance enhancing substances from him in 2000. White bought both human growth hormone and Deca-Durabolin and Radomski was able to produce seven checks that he deposited drawn on White's checking account.
Matt Williams 2007 team: Out of baseball
Five-time All-Star won four Gold Gloves at third base. Retired after playing in 2003 with Arizona, now a Diamondbacks broadcaster.
In the report: Williams bought $11,600 worth of growth hormone, steroids and other drugs in 2002, the San Francisco Chronicle reported. He said a doctor advised him to try growth hormone to heal an injured ankle.
Gregg Zaun 2007 team: Toronto Blue Jays
Catcher who has played for seven big-league teams -- Baltimore, Florida, Texas, Kansas City, Houston, Colorado and the Jays since his debut in 1995. Never hit more than 10 home runs until hitting 11, 12 and 10 in the past three seasons, all with Toronto.
In the report: Radomski believed that Jason Grimsley referred Zaun to him when they both played for the Royals in 2001. Although Radomski never spoke to Zaun about a transaction, Radomski received a check from him for Deca-Durabolin and Winstrol. Also, Zaun appears in a sections about former Montreal Expos bullpen catcher Luis Perez, who was arrested in September 2002 for possession of a large quantity of marijuana after asking a Florida Marlins clubhouse attendant to carry a padlocked duffel bag back to Florida with him. In an interview with the commissioner's office in January of 2003, Perez told investigators that he had personally supplied steroids to Zaun and seven other big leaguers.