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Pressure shifts to other pro teams after Washington drops its Native American nickname and logo

CLEVELAND — The spotlight for change is shining on the Cleveland Indians.

Now that the NFL’s Washington Redskins have retired their contentious nickname and logo after decades of objection and amid a nationwide movement calling for racial justice, the Cleveland baseball team appears to be the next major sports franchise that might assume a new identity.

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Along with Cleveland, which recently announced it is in the early stages of evaluating a name change for the first time in 105 years, baseball’s Atlanta Braves, the NHL’s Chicago Blackhawks and the Super Bowl champion Kansas City Chiefs are among those facing backlash along with the potential of sponsors pulling their financial support.

For some, the time has come for widespread changes to sports nicknames, mascots and symbols as the country reckons with its legacy of racism.

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“I understand people aren’t willing to change so quickly, or they’re hoping this moment is going to pass. It’s not,” said activist Frances Danger, who is Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole from Oklahoma. “And now that we’ve gotten what we needed on the Redskins side, we’re going to start working on the rest of them. We’re not going to let up.”

On Monday, the Washington NFL team announced it is dropping a nickname that has been in place since 1933 and had grown into an embarrassing scar for the franchise. The team buckled under financial pressure from sponsors including FedEx, the shipping giant and naming rights holder to the team’s stadium, as well as other groups.

Cleveland manager Terry Francona acknowledged having “mixed emotions” about the Washington situation.

“I’m glad to see that they’re acting on it,” he said Monday night. “Also, I think that it was probably financially driven. You can’t always do things when the timing is right, when it’s convenient. That’s kind of how I feel about this. I hope that our organization will lead as opposed to follow.”

While the debate over the Washington team’s nickname was waged for years, the drastic change came just two weeks after owner Dan Snyder, who once said he never would change the moniker, said the franchise would undergo a “thorough review” before its next move.

Cleveland’s situation is different from Washington’s on several fronts.

First, the team is not feeling heat from any corporate sponsors. At least not publicly.

When the Washington team announced its review earlier this month, the Cleveland team released a statement within hours that said it is “committed to engaging our community and appropriate stakeholders to determine the best path forward with regard to our team name.”

The team didn’t promise to change the nickname. But it would be hard to imagine the team going through a detailed evaluation and deciding to stick with a nickname that Native American groups have condemned for years as degrading and racist.

Cleveland showed a willingness to rebrand itself when it pulled the highly debated Chief Wahoo logo off its jerseys and caps. While the red-faced, toothy caricature remains a presence on some team merchandise, its reduced status and removal from the diamond and signage around Progressive Field was applauded as a positive step.

Even if Cleveland decides to drop the nickname, there are numerous layers — trademark contracts, new logos, Major League Baseball’s approval — to work through before the change could take effect.

While Cleveland seems open to a new identity, Atlanta’s baseball team isn’t budging.

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It has no plans to change its nickname, telling season ticket holders in a letter last week that “we will always be the Atlanta Braves.” However, the team said it will review the “tomahawk chop” chant — a tradition borrowed in the early 1990s from Florida State’s football program.

The Blackhawks, too, have no plans to change, saying their name honors a Native American leader, Black Hawk of Illinois’ Sac & Fox Nation. The NHL team said it plans to work harder to raise awareness of Black Hawk and “the important contributions of all Native American people.”

“We’re trying to honor the logo and be respectful,” general manager Stan Bowman said. “There’s certainly a fine line between respect and disrespect, and we want to do an even better job. The most important thing is to be clear that we want to help educate. I think we’ve done a good job, but we want to do a better job. And we’re committed to that as we go forward.”

Part of Atlanta’s insistence on keeping a nickname the franchise brought from Milwaukee in 1966 is due to the team’s “cultural working relationship” with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina and other tribal leaders it collaborates with regularly.

But as teams look to make changes, Danger and other activists will continue to push them to abandon any connection with Native Americans, who have been portrayed as mascots for generations.

“We’re being paraded around without a say in how we’re seen,” she said. “It’s a less bloody continuation of that, of us being a sideshow. It’s not hard to choose the right side of history, so I hope these teams will take that step with us, side by side, as we all work together to change the world.”

AP’s Felicia Fonseca in Flagstaff, Ariz., Charles Odum in Atlanta and Jay Cohen in Chicago contributed.

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