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Freddie Gray had lead poisoning as a young child. Tests showed his blood lead levels were as high as seven times the reference level by the Center for Disease Control level today. Such poisoning made him more likely to drop out of school and land in  the juvenile justice system. (Baltimore Sun video)

Maryland's attorney general urged lawmakers on Thursday to give his office the ability to regulate deals offered by businesses that buy legal settlements at steep discounts from lead poisoning victims, such as Baltimore's Freddie Gray.

The measure, which had a hearing before lawmakers, would require that courts find the transfer of settlements to be in the best interest of the injured person. Cases also would have to be decided in the court of the county where the injured person lives, so companies couldn't bring cases solely to one judge friendly to their proposals.

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"We want to make sure that the people who have suffered from lead paint poisoning or have been the victims of an automobile accident don't have their futures stolen from them," Attorney General Brian Frosh said at a news conference.

The legislation was submitted to the General Assembly at Frosh's request.

Structured settlements are like an annuity, in which someone receives payments over a period of years rather than one lump sum.

"Unfortunately, predators persuade them to give up those structured settlements for pennies on the dollar," Frosh said.

While structured settlement payments can be helpful when the payee needs quick money for buying a house or car or paying for school, critics point to abuses in recent years that indicate victims have been exploited.

The attorney general's office conducted an investigation into 171 structured settlement cases in which one company or some of its related entities bought settlements from injured victims. A total of $21 million in present-value settlements were purchased from victims for $6 million, Frosh said.

"That's like me saying to you: 'Look, I will give you six dollars for your $20 bill.' Nobody who understands that deal will take it," Frosh said.

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