In 1920, after World War I, the Principal Allied Powers (France, Britain, Japan, and Italy) convened at the San Remo Conference. In this conference, they divided the conquered Turkish Ottoman Empire. The results of San Remo Conference were legally bound by international law. A mandate was given for each section of the empire (Syria and Lebanon, Iraq, and Palestine). Britain received the mandate for Palestine. The mandate stated that "recognition has thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country." It also provided that the civil and religious rights of non-Jews in Palestine were to be protected. But the collective national and political rights were reserved for the Jewish people. This mandate was later approved by the Council of the League of Nations in 1922. Thus, became it an international treaty and legally binding.