For the most part, Maryland is a REAL ID state. Under the leadership of John Kuo and now Christine Nizer, the MVA has become a leader in driver's license fraud prevention. However, in 2013, Maryland enacted the Maryland Highway Safety Act which allowed undocumented immigrants to obtain driver's licenses, joining nearly a dozen other states with similar laws. Because Maryland is issuing driver's licenses to those applicants without an immigration check, the licenses fall under the noncompliant category under the REAL ID Act. REAL ID allows states to issue driver's licenses to undocumented immigrants. But in order for a state to meet the REAL ID standards, the noncompliant license must do two things. It must be physically different from the standard license with a different color or orientation and it must state on its face, "not for federal official purposes."