Congress needs to accept the fact Iran has been a force in the Middle East for centuries and is very involved concerning future events. Being a large established country, Iran obviously has its own agenda for what happens in the Middle East — it's their backyard. That agenda is not always going to coincide with U.S. interests, which can lead to friction in relations between the United States and Iran.
The U.S. helped overthrow the democratically-elected prime minister of Iran in 1953, which allowed Mohammad-Rez¿ Sh¿h Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, to take firm control of the country. After years of brutal repression under that regime, the Iranian people revolted and toppled the Shah. To show how bad the repression was, the Iranian people were willing to accept the rule of a strict religious government.
Make no mistake, the new government brought religious tyranny, but the Iranian people hated the U.S.-imposed Shah and the years of repression under the Shah so much that the U.S. had no credibility with the Iranian people. That's why the U.S. Embassy takeover lasted so long. The average Iranian citizen blamed the U.S. for the years under the Shah.
And we're fooling ourselves if we think the average Iranian doesn't blame and dislike the U.S. for all the years of sanctions on the Iranian economy. So we get blamed for the depressed living conditions, not the Iranian government. Do you remember in July 1988 when the Navy guided missile cruiser U.S.S. Vincennes shot down the Iran Air Flight 655 killing 290 people on board? I guarantee the Iranian people haven't forgotten!
On this nuclear deal, the Iran government has agendas, but they're not stupid. They want to get the sanctions lifted so their economy can reach full potential and the cheering crowds in the Tehran streets show how important the citizens consider it. After directing their nation through years of sanctions without unrest or economic chaos, the Iranian government is not going to throw the opportunity away by violating a agreement they just made with China, Russia, Germany, the European Union and France. With their economic future tied to those five entities, Iran would never risk access to those markets by breaking their agreement. Iran could care less about the U.S. If it wasn't for those entities sitting at the table, there would be no chance of Iran meeting one-on-one with the United States to discuss anything. They trust us as little as we trust them.
That's the main reason I feel confident the agreement will be kept by Iran. They will not let down their friends and economic partners, China, Russia, Germany, the EU and France. They don't have to trust the U.S., they have a deal with countries they trust!