Hillary Clinton's vulnerability: Iraq

As the 2016 Republican presidential aspirants assess the best way to confront Hillary Clinton as the Democratic front runner, a Republican-turned-Democrat, Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island, thinks he's found her weak spot, and may take her on for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Mr. Chafee, a former senator and governor, says he's considering challenging her on grounds of her support of President George W. Bush's 2002 resolution authorizing use of force to invade Iraq. Mr. Chafee, as a Republican senator at the time, was the only one to vote against the measure, and thus is particularly qualified to raise the issue against her.


"I don't think anybody should be president of the United States that made that mistake," he said in an interview reported in The Washington Post. "I did not make that mistake. ... It's huge mistake, and we live with broad, broad ramifications today — of instability not only in the Middle East but far beyond, and the loss of American credibility."

Mr. Chafee offered the reminder that "there were no weapons of mass destruction" found, the basis for the 2003 Bush-led invasion as a pre-emption of an assumed threat to American national security. He thus joins former Democratic Sen. James Webb of Virginia, among others, in contemplating a challenge to the former first lady, secretary of state and senator for the 2016 presidential nomination.

Mr. Webb, a decorated Vietnam war veteran, was not in the Senate at the time of the vote, having been elected in 2006, but he was an early and outspoken opponent of the Iraq invasion. Seven months prior, Mr. Webb warned presciently that "those who are pushing for a unilateral war in Iraq know full well that there is no exit strategy if we invade." A year later, in USA Today, he accused President Bush of committing "the greatest strategic blunder in modern history."

If both Messrs. Chafee and Webb formally enter the race, not only Hillary Clinton but any other Democrats competing, such as former Maryland Gov. Martin O'Malley, also will be hard-pressed to state their views on an issue that Ms. Clinton obviously hopes will not be unduly resurrected.

At the time of the vote on the 2002 use of military force resolution, still used as a basis for U.S. armed interventions in the Middle East, Ms. Clinton called it "probably the hardest decision I've ever had to make." She said she supported it because of White House assurances it would make "war less likely," by persuading the United Nations to approve further weapons inspections in Iraq.

As a presidential candidate in 2008, she said on "Meet the Press" that the Bush White House "personally" had told her the objective of the 2002 vote was "to put inspectors back in." She dismissed the matter by saying: "We can have the Jesuitical argument against what exactly was meant."

Then Sen. Chuck Hagel of Nebraska, who helped draft the resolution, told her, she said: "It was not a vote for war." If authorized, he told her, "you will put the inspectors in and permit them to finish the job."

In fact, what happened was that the international inspectors did go back into Iraq but the Bush administration ultimately called for their evacuation, as a prelude to the "shock and awe" invasion launched in March of 2003.


In a debate among the 2008 Democratic candidates in Los Angeles, Ms. Clinton observed that "it's clear that if I had been president we would have never diverted our attention from Afghanistan," where the fight against the Taliban was still going on.

As Hillary Clinton begins her long-awaited candidacy for the 2016 Democratic nomination, her vote for the invasion of Iraq could well overshadow the nagging Republican accusation of complicity or neglect in the Benghazi, Libya, attacks on her watch as secretary of state.

So challenges from longshot competitors, such as those of Jim Webb and Lincoln Chafee, could pose unwanted pivoting back to the whole Bush fiasco in Iraq, which would be a political headache not only for Hillary Clinton, but also for the Republicans generally, and especially for Jeb Bush, brother of the man who started it all.

Jules Witcover is a syndicated columnist and former long-time writer for The Baltimore Sun. His latest book is "The American Vice Presidency: From Irrelevance to Power," published by Smithsonian Books. His email is juleswitcover@comcast.net.