Since the 9/11 attacks, a variety of bodies have been established by the United Nations to address different elements of the terrorist threat. This effort has yielded some quite positive results. An increasing number of countries around the world, for instance, now have anti-terrorism legislation in place as a result of practical advice and capacity building support from the U.N. The U.N. is also working with its member states to take a more holistic and strategic approach to countering terrorism and by helping coordinate its own efforts on matters related to preventing and combating terrorism. Although a concerted effort is now clearly visible in this direction, the United Nations has yet to sufficiently leverage the expertise of many of its own departments and agencies with relevant and valuable experience on core elements of countering violent extremism, including development, education and strategic communications. A special representative would be essential for getting this job done, optimizing the resources and focusing the attention of the vast U.N. bureaucracy on a threat that is likely to shape many of the key conflicts of our time.