Tea parties have been able to leverage the benefits of decentralization into political victories. They have carried Alan West, Ted Cruz, and Rand Paul into office, while also accounting for the national relevance of Sarah Palin and Michelle Bachman. At the state and local level, tea party backed candidates are also beating moderate candidates at the ballot box on a regular basis. The Republican primaries in Texas resulted in five Republican incumbents losing to tea party challengers, while not a single tea party-favored incumbent lost in the House. The three Tea Party-backed Supreme Court Justices were able to fend off liberal-leaning challengers as well.