Maryland has had a long history with holding schools accountable for student achievement. Over two decades ago, Maryland, and then the federal government, began mandating school options for students in low performing schools. For example, under certain circumstances, parents were given the choice to transfer their children to higher performing schools. While one might think this would be an attractive opportunity for parents, very few transfers were requested. The reality was that parents sought to keep their children in their neighborhood school, often the same school where the parents attended. Parents were unwilling to have their children, especially elementary school-aged children, transported to other neighborhoods. Safety was a main concern. In Maryland's urban districts, parents have supported strengthening community schools and opening charter schools as better choice options.