Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi, sharif of Mecca, led the Arabs into joining the British in the war against the Turks, full of expectations (encouraged by the British) that once the Turks were defeated, he and his heirs would rule over a united kingdom of Arabia. Secretly, though, the British and the French had agreed to divvy up the Arab world, giving Syria, then including Lebanon, to the French and keeping Palestine and the newly defined countries of Iraq and Transjordan (now Jordan) for themselves. Hussein's son, Abdullah, was installed as the emir of Transjordan, and his son, Hussein, became King of Jordan. Hussein's other son, Faisal, was made king of Iraq and Syria until the French drove him out of Syria, and he held the throne in Baghdad until his death in 1933. His heirs held the throne in Baghdad until they were overthrown in 1958.