Maryland must take another step to shore up its Obamacare exchange
By Gene Ransom
Aug 23, 2018 | 11:30 AM
Maryland's waiver that will allow a reinsurance program under the ACA is a great step, but a technical detail still needs to be ironed out.
In light of continuing double-digit health insurance premiums in the individual marketplace, during the 2018 legislative session, Gov. Larry Hogan and Democratic leaders in the Maryland General Assembly developed a bipartisan solution to create a reinsurance program under the Affordable Care Act through what’s known as a Section 1332 waiver. Governor Hogan’s announcement Wednesday that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services approved Maryland’s request is great news and will be essential in lowering premiums, safeguarding existing insurance companies’ participation in the individual market and attracting new carriers to enter the market.
For this reason, MedChi, The Maryland Medical Society, strongly supported this bipartisan effort. While we applaud this stabilization plan, we also know that any state program to stabilize the market must be carefully done and must align with the Federal Risk Adjustment Program, which is constructed to transfer funds from insurers with a low-risk population to insurers with a high-risk population to reduce incentives for insurers to avoid high-risk enrollees. The Maryland Health Benefit Exchange has one step left -- developing and implementing regulations for the new stabilization fund that align the current risk adjustment program and Maryland’s reinsurance program.
Republican Gov. Larry Hogan and leading Maryland Democrats on Wednesday celebrated federal approval of a waiver they say will prevent the state’s Obamacare marketplace from collapse — and save health insurance coverage for about 250,000 state residents.
If properly aligned, risk adjustment and reinsurance have the potential to lower premiums for Marylanders and ensure a level playing field for all insurance companies that offer coverage in the individual market. However, if out of alignment, these programs can distort the market and reduce competition by creating unfair advantages for some carriers over others.
Recently, the Hogan administration made a smart move by engaging the Wakely Consulting Group to analyze whether there is overlap between the proposed state-based reinsurance program and the existing Federal Risk Adjustment Program. This independent analysis looked at the only two carriers in Maryland’s individual market and found that one carrier would receive millions in double payments if no adjustments were made to either of the two programs. That would greatly limit the market stabilization impact of the program and benefit only a limited number of enrollees. Unless this egregious disparity is corrected, it will result in far fewer Marylanders receiving premium relief and potentially deter patients from seeking much needed care.
Top Maryland officials plan to announce Wednesday that the Trump administration has approved a federal waiver would stave off expected increases in health insurance costs for more than 200,000 state residents.
While the Maryland Insurance Administration staff seem to agree with the approach and the findings of the Wakely analysis, we are concerned they might bow to pressure from the dominant carrier, which benefits from the double payments, and, in doing so, not go far enough to fix the overlap. The bottom line is that anything less than a full adjustment for the entire amount of double payments will equate to unfair policy that benefits some but not all individuals who get their coverage in the individual market.
Not only does this harm some patients who do not use the predominant carrier, it also discourages competition as other carriers may not enter the market. MedChi strongly believes adjusting for the entire amount of the double payment beginning in 2019 will benefit the most Marylanders, maximize the use of federal dollars and optimize the market stabilization effect of the reinsurance program. This will lead to a healthier individual market and a healthier Maryland.
The Maryland Health Benefit Exchange has been given the power to fix the double payment issue, and it is currently working with the Maryland Insurance Administration to release regualtions to implement the new 1332 waiver and correct for the double payment. The details matter, and that is why MedChi is asking regulators to fully and properly adjust for the double payments. I would ask every Maryland citizen, especially supporters of Obamacare or purchasers of health insurance on the exchange, to take the time to learn more about this effort and urge these agencies to stop the double payments.