An independent candidate always seemed like a pipe dream in America's two-party system. But so did Trump's candidacy until not very long ago.

"The Trump base is far bigger & stronger than ever before," the president declared in a series of tweets Monday morning, and that "will never change." Many observers were quick to point out that this assertion isn't borne out in the polls.

Such nitpicking, however, overlooks a more important part of this story. In the 1990s and 2000s, Mr. Trump had political ambitions, but the traditional two-party system and the media landscape served as impenetrable barriers. It was the breakdown of the old ways that opened a path for someone interested in breaking them down even more — in part by embracing a new base of mostly non-college-educated whites.

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Traditionally, Republicans have relied on white, middle-class, white-collar, married suburbanites. The American Communities Project identifies 106 "urban suburbs" — the relatively affluent near-in suburbs of major cities. In 1984, Ronald Reagan won 92 of them. In 2016, Mr. Trump lost 89.

As Politico's Charlie Mahtesian recently chronicled, Republicans have been steadily losing market share in these crucial districts and counties for decades, as suburbanites become a bit more liberal and a lot more hostile to Republican populism on cultural issues.

Georgia's 6th Congressional District illustrates the trend. Mitt Romney carried the highly educated suburban district by 23 points in 2012. Mr. Trump squeaked out a win there by 1 point in 2016. That same year, Republican Rep. Tom Price won re-election, receiving 61.7 percent of the vote. In the recent special election to replace Mr. Price after he was named secretary of Health and Human Resources, Republican Karen Handel beat Democrat Jon Ossoff by less than four points.

Just as inexorably, the Democrats have been watching white, blue-collar workers, the heart of the old Franklin D. Roosevelt alliance, migrate to the GOP for some time now. Democrats bet heavily on the growth of minorities, particularly the black vote, urban liberals, immigrants and millennials. This coalition delivered two historic victories for Barack Obama.

epa05706742 (FILE) - A file picture dated 22 March 2016 shows US President Barack Obama arriving to address the people of Cuba at the El Gran Teatro de Havana, during a historic visit to Havana, Cuba. On 04 November 2008, then Democratic Senator Barack Obama (Illinois), at age 47, earned 365 electoral votes and nearly 53 of the popular vote in a wider-than-expected margin of victory against Republican Senator John McCain in the US Presidential elections. He became the 44th president of the United States and the first African American to be elected to office. President Obama quickly became known as a progressive politician and was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate nine months after his inauguration. However, he faced his share of challenges during his 8-year tenure. The Republicans held control of the Senate throughout his time in the White House and he faced constant challenges passing legislation. His administration is generally known for pursuing policies such as gun control, greater inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, the promotion of the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change and the Obamacare health care program for Americans. It is also known for a series of historic initiatives in international relations such as a nuclear deal with Iran and normalized relations with Cuba. EPA/JEFFREY ARGUEDAS ** Usable by LA, CT and MoD ONLY **
epa05706742 (FILE) - A file picture dated 22 March 2016 shows US President Barack Obama arriving to address the people of Cuba at the El Gran Teatro de Havana, during a historic visit to Havana, Cuba. On 04 November 2008, then Democratic Senator Barack Obama (Illinois), at age 47, earned 365 electoral votes and nearly 53 of the popular vote in a wider-than-expected margin of victory against Republican Senator John McCain in the US Presidential elections. He became the 44th president of the United States and the first African American to be elected to office. President Obama quickly became known as a progressive politician and was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate nine months after his inauguration. However, he faced his share of challenges during his 8-year tenure. The Republicans held control of the Senate throughout his time in the White House and he faced constant challenges passing legislation. His administration is generally known for pursuing policies such as gun control, greater inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, the promotion of the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change and the Obamacare health care program for Americans. It is also known for a series of historic initiatives in international relations such as a nuclear deal with Iran and normalized relations with Cuba. EPA/JEFFREY ARGUEDAS ** Usable by LA, CT and MoD ONLY ** (JEFFREY ARGUEDAS / EPA)

But opposition to Mr. Obama accelerated the defection of rural, working-class and older whites to the GOP cause, costing Democrats 63 House seats and roughly 1,000 elected offices nationwide.

Now, both parties have similar dilemmas: Their new bases are too small to guarantee electoral success but too strong to allow fundamental rethinking of how the parties do business.

The Democratic base of hard-core liberals and Trump "resisters" is not a majority coalition. But it is the dominant ideological force within the party (and mainstream media), and hence the leadership is very reluctant to broaden the party's message. The new push for zero tolerance of pro-life Democrats is just one obvious illustration of the bind the Democrats are in.

Mr. Trump, meanwhile, has dedicated the first six months of his presidency to keeping his base happy. That's in part because he can't get legislation through Congress, so he tweets red meat to the faithful instead.

His media cheerleaders increasingly define conservatism not as adherence to any program but as personal loyalty to Mr. Trump. Hence the rising call from figures such as the recently suspended Fox News host Eric Bolling to purge the party of "RINOs" (Republicans In Name Only) who are critical of the president. If Mr. Trump had an approval rating in the high 50s instead of numbers that bounced around in the 30s, following this advice would not threaten the fragile GOP majority.

The Democrats have settled on economic populism as their unifying theme, not so much because that's where all the passion is but because they can't agree on any other agenda that would enlarge their coalition. The GOP, in turn, is shrinking its ideological commitments — and appeal — and focusing instead on populist rage and the president's cult of personality. Both courses leave vast swaths of the electorate up for grabs.

epa05990467 Mark Zuckerberg, CEO and Founder of Facebook, makes the commencement address during the Annual Meeting of the Harvard Alumni Association at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA 25 MAY 2017. EPA/LISA HORNAK ** Usable by LA, CT and MoD ONLY **
epa05990467 Mark Zuckerberg, CEO and Founder of Facebook, makes the commencement address during the Annual Meeting of the Harvard Alumni Association at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA 25 MAY 2017. EPA/LISA HORNAK ** Usable by LA, CT and MoD ONLY ** (Lisa Hornak / EPA)

As a result, there's the potential for an opening in 2020 for some opportunistic figure — Mark Zuckerberg? Michael Bloomberg? — from outside the beleaguered and sclerotic party system who could forge a coalition from both the traditional Democratic and Republican columns, much as Emmanuel Macron did in France. An independent candidate always seemed like a pipe dream in America's two-party system. But so did Mr. Trump's candidacy until not very long ago.

Jonah Goldberg is a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and editor-at-large of National Review Online. His email is goldbergcolumn@gmail.com. Twitter: @JonahNRO.

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