Eighty-five percent of adults in the U.S. who do not play a musical instrument wish they had learned to play one, according to a 2009 Gallup Poll; 69 percent would like to play one now. Nearly all believe musical skills can be learned at any age. Yet a 2012 National Endowment for the Arts survey found that just 12 percent of U.S. adults were playing musical instruments.
This gap between aspiration and actuality occurs despite research that shows that making music, as a pro or amateur, is good for the brain and may delay the onset of some of the mental decline of aging. Scans of musicians’ brains show that playing an instrument involves greater communication among different regions of the brain than with other tasks, which may lead a musician’s brain to create new neural pathways. Those extra pathways may provide musicians with “cognitive reserve” when dementia strikes because their brains “will automatically be more able to cope and find new ways to do tasks,” explains Canadian neuroscientist Aline Moussard.
Given this tantalizing research, why haven’t more adults followed through on their desire to play an instrument? That 2009 Gallup poll provides an answer: More than half of those polled said they had no time to spare. However, the time needed may not be as much as one might think, according to 274 adults who told me — as part of my research for a new book — how they carve out time to make music.
Ranging in age from 25 to 96, most of them play instruments, about a third sing in choral groups, and a quarter do both. In terms of practice, about 5 percent don’t practice music at home at all but still enjoy being part of a community ensemble or choir. About a quarter practice only one or two days a week. Of those who do practice, about 15 percent spend 30 minutes or less, often finding ways to shoehorn practice into spare moments. Those who practice more may make more progress, but as Liz Sogge, a Baltimore statistician who plays violin in the Johns Hopkins Concert Orchestra notes, “There is nothing wrong with never playing at the level of a world-class violinist.”
Music lessons are another time-eater, particularly for newcomers or those who haven’t done music for years. But there are lower-cost group classes and ensembles that try to speed up the learning process. New Horizons International Music Association has more than 200 such ensembles geared to adults age 50 and over that help newcomers make music as quickly as possible, with instruction built into rehearsals. Only half of the adults I surveyed are taking lessons, with half of them doing so weekly, the rest less often.
A lack of confidence in their musical abilities may hold back some would-be music-makers, caused by feelings left over from less-than-positive childhood musical experiences. Luckily, it is possible to reboot as an adult by trying a different instrument or type of music, finding beginner-friendly ensembles, joining music support groups, forging more collegial teacher-student relationships and realizing that recitals are optional for adults.
Some adults may also be unaware of the many new opportunities available now. Music schools began expanding their adult programming as baby boomers started nearing retirement age. Adults make up about 25 percent of Peabody Preparatory’s enrollment.
“I had no idea there was a way to make beautiful music in a community orchestra the way I’m doing now,” says Dr. Morris Schoeneman. After retiring from a medical career, he took refresher lessons on the violin he hadn’t played in four decades and found a community orchestra to join near his suburban New York hometown. “I wish I had known about this earlier. I could have been doing this while I was working.”
Once adults make the plunge, it’s not neurological research that spurs them to rush through dinner to make it to an ensemble rehearsal. Instead, it’s the joy they find there, as violinist and Washington, D.C., arts fundraiser Maya Weil notes: “When you are playing with others and it is going well, you feel as if you are soaring. You are suspended in time and hyper alert. You are moving as a unit and there is a feeling of community.”
Amy Nathan (www.AmyNathanBooks.com) is the author of “Making Time for Making Music: How to Bring Music into Your Busy Life” being published May 22 by Oxford University Press. She grew up in Baltimore and took piano lessons at Peabody Prep as a child.