What is ridiculous and despotic is when courts radically reinterpret the text to conform to contemporary norms or fads. Often, when I rail against the living Constitution, someone will say to me, "If the Constitution didn't change, we would still have slavery," or, "Women wouldn't be allowed to vote." That's true. But those changes weren't the product of a living, breathing Constitution. They were the result of constitutional amendments, which are as valid and binding as the original text.