Last Friday, Martin Shkreli was sentenced to seven years in prison. What, if anything, does Mr. Shkreli's downfall tell us about modern America?
Mr. Shkreli's early life exemplified the rags-to-riches American success story. He was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1983, to parents who emigrated from Montenegro and worked as janitors in New York apartment buildings. Mr. Shkreli attended New York's Hunter College High School, a public school for intellectually gifted young people, and in 2004 received a bachelor's degree in business administration from Baruch College.
But soon thereafter, Mr. Shkreli turned toward shady deals. He started his own hedge fund, betting that the stock prices of certain biotech companies would drop. Then he used financial chat rooms on the internet to savage those companies, causing their prices to drop and his bets to pay off.
In 2015, Mr. Shkreli founded Turing Pharmaceuticals. Under his direction, Turing spent $55 million for the U.S. rights to sell a drug called Daraprim. Developed in 1953, Daraprim is the only approved treatment for toxoplasmosis, a rare parasitic disease that can cause birth defects in unborn babies, and lead to seizures, blindness and death in cancer patients and people with AIDS. Daraprim is on the World Health Organization's list of essential medicines.
Months after he bought the drug, Mr. Shkreli raised its price by over 5,000 percent, from $13.50 a pill to $750.00.
Mr. Shkreli was roundly criticized, but he was defiant: "No one wants to say it, no one's proud of it, but this is a capitalist society, a capitalist system and capitalist rules." He said he wished he had raised the price even higher and would buy another essential drug and raise its price, too.
In February 2016, Mr. Shkreli was called before a congressional committee to justify his price increase on Daraprim. He refused to answer any questions, invoking the Fifth Amendment. After the hearing, Mr. Shkreli tweeted, "Hard to accept that these imbeciles represent the people in our government."
Mr. Shkreli was subsequently arrested in connection with an unrelated scheme to defraud his former hedge fund investors. In anticipation of his criminal trial, Mr. Shkreli boasted to the New Yorker magazine, "I think they'll return a not-guilty verdict in two hours. There are going to be jurors who will be fans of mine. I walk down the streets of New York and people shake my hand. They say, 'I want to be just like you.'"
During his trial, Mr. Shkreli strolled into a room filled with reporters and made light of a particular witness, for which the trial judge rebuked him. On his Facebook page he mocked the prosecutors and told news outlets they were a "junior varsity" team.
He retaliated against journalists who criticized him by purchasing internet domains associated with their names and ridiculing them on the sites. "I wouldn't call these people 'journalists,'" he wrote in an email to Business Insider. He said on Facebook that if he were acquitted, he'd be able to have sex with a female journalist he often posted about online.
After his conviction, Mr. Shkreli called the case "a witch hunt of epic proportions, and maybe they found one or two broomsticks." As she imposed sentence last Friday, the judge cited MR. Shkreli's "egregious multitude of lies," noting also that he "repeatedly minimized" his conduct.
Mr. Shkreli's story is tragic and pathetic, but I ask you: How different is Martin Shkreli from other figures who dominate American life today, even at the highest rungs?
Mr. Shkreli will do whatever it takes to win, regardless of the consequences for anyone else. He believes that the norms other people live by don't apply to him. His attitude toward the law is that anything he wants to do is OK unless it is clearly illegal -- and even if it's illegal, it's OK if he can get away with it.
He's contemptuous of anyone who gets in his way -- whether judges, prosecutors, members of Congress or journalists. He remains unapologetic for what he did. He is utterly shameless.
Sound familiar? The Shkreli personality disorder can be found on Wall Street, in the executive suites of some of America's largest corporations, in Hollywood, in Silicon Valley, in some of our most prestigious universities, and in Washington. If you look hard enough, you might even find it in Donald Trump's White House.
Face it: America has a Shkreli problem.
Martin Shkreli will spend significant time in prison. But what will happen to the other unbridled narcissists now in positions of power in America who also blatantly defy the common good?
Robert Reich, a former U.S. Secretary of Labor, is professor of public policy at the University of California at Berkeley. His latest book is "The Common Good." His documentary, "Saving Capitalism," is available on Netflix.