There are a variety of alternative approaches, all much better than Maryland’s approach. The Maryland Redistricting Reform Commission recommended a nine-member citizen commission, three each from the Republican and Democratic parties, and three non-aligned citizens. The objectives of the commission would be to form districts that are compact and contiguous, and respect county and municipal boundaries. States that have already moved in this direction include Iowa, Washington, Arizona, California, New Jersey and Rhode Island. Iowa, which has had a non-partisan approach to setting district boundaries since 1980, produces compact, contiguous districts that take account of city and county lines. As a result, Iowa also has meaningful electoral contests.