Here in Maryland, despite declines in the number of incarcerated youth, the system is still in need of substantial downsizing. Only four in 10 incarcerated youth are high-risk, and one third are locked up for a violation of probation rather than a new offense. While African Americans make up only a third of all Maryland youth, they make up three quarters of the young people in Maryland's youth prisons, whereas white youth make up half of the state's youth population but only one sixth of incarcerated youth. The cost of youth confinement in Maryland averages an astonishing $262,030 per youth per year, dwarfing the $13,829 annual per pupil costs in Maryland's public schools. What does it say about a society that is willing to spend 19 times as much to incarcerate its children as it spends to educate them?