If you Googled something today, you experienced university research in action. In the mid-1990s, Sergey Brin and Larry Page, then doctoral students at Stanford, developed the algorithms that developed into their ubiquitous search engine. Likewise, university research has led to countless innovations that improve our health, protect the environment, strengthen our security and power our economy. Examples range from radar and lasers to synthetic insulin and forensic DNA analysis. Yet, federal support for such research has diminished, also diminishing the breakthroughs that research can produce.