New technology allows us to scan the human brain in more detail than ever before. Seminal research in the neurosciences has shown that brain development begins before birth, and much of our learning foundation is cemented in the first few years of life. Brain circuits are wired in sequence, with vision, hearing, and touch beginning prenatally, followed by language development. Unless sensory and beginning language development has occurred by the first year, more complex learning cannot follow. Additionally, research shows that for infants as young as 11 months, the absence of positive social interaction and the exposure to "toxic stress" (physical or emotional abuse, neglect, caregiver substance abuse or mental illness, or the effects of poverty) can negatively impact a child's ability to learn. To give every child the best chance for future success, early childhood education must focus on both the child and the family, and must start, well, EARLY.