The New Deal brought new ways to isolate black neighborhoods. The promise of federal funds for slum clearance and public housing construction sparked the imaginations of planners and politicians across the country. In northwest Baltimore a detailed study from1934 recommended that federal funds could be used to divide the neighborhood "into two areas, one for the whites and one for negroes." The black neighborhood, the report continued "is truly a blighted area next to a good white residential neighborhood, and, if rehabilitated, would offer a splendid barrier against the encroachment of colored [people]." This site would become McCulloh Homes and help establish the pattern of using public housing construction to reinforce racial boundaries. A few years later, protest against building public housing in outlying white neighborhoods would lead to the construction of Gilmor Homes in the historically black Sandtown-Winchester neighborhood, where Freddie Gray lived.