This means federal defenders will have to defend even more cases with fewer lawyers and resources, because of the budget cuts that require layoffs and furloughs. This will increase their individual caseloads, making them less effective. Those who are not furloughed or laid off will have less time and fewer resources to investigate current cases, conduct legal research and hire expert witnesses. They will have to sit idle for days, delaying trials, leaving defendants in high-cost pretrial detention, and bloating judicial dockets across the country. Courts may be forced to engage private lawyers, despite the fact that in those areas with an established federal defender office, it is more cost-effective to have that office handle a majority of the cases.