So why does Maryland's proposed law lack this important provision? No doubt, fears of trial lawyers run amok may be one reason. Those fears, however, are unfounded. Like the federal False Claims Act, the Maryland False Claims Act could include provisions to prevent qui tam relators from going forward when the government, for example, shows that certain actions by the relator will interfere with an ongoing civil or criminal investigation or where important national security issues are implicated. Additionally, Maryland, like the federal government, could ensure that regardless of the stage of the pending litigation, the government is always free to step in and dismiss, settle or pursue the case. Likewise, as in the federal system, the cost of litigation and the heightened scrutiny placed on fraud cases by judges will also help to deter frivolous or vexatious suits in Maryland.