The standard is that executive privilege is a power to be used only under the most compelling circumstances, and only in the cause of serving the public interest and not the political interests of those who wield this power. The presumption in our government system is in favor of openness. Secrecy, although at times necessary to the functioning of the executive branch, should be the rare exception and not the rule. A chief executive may reasonably claim executive privilege in cases where he or she is protecting the privacy of internal deliberations that, if made public, would undermine the deliberative process and damage the public good. Never should a leader consider whether to conceal information that might be politically embarrassing or give some advantage to his or her opponents.