Unlike 50 years ago, the response of the federal government to poverty and student progress is what one policy expert calls "putting one's head in the sand and simply ignoring the relationship." President Barack Obama wants more testing of students, adoption of Common Core standards and new measures of accountability for teachers. On the other hand, the new Republican-led Congress is considering reauthorizing ESEA, currently referred to as the No Child Left Behind Act, which has not been acted on since 2002. At that time, provisions were added mandating all students be tested annually in science and math and that schools should be proficient in those subjects by 2014. In the past three years, the Obama administration has granted waivers from these requirements to more than 40 states.