Will this bring instantaneous change to the schools? Probably not. Research is ambivalent on the matter. A recent study by the University of Illinois at Chicago found little evidence that appointed boards get better results than elected ones. More importantly, what these researchers did find is that appointed boards often lead to a loss of both community participation and "broader involvement in the democratic process." We see the real-life results of that, right here in Baltimore, not just in the last election, but also in nearly every election in recent memory.