Suppose that at a particular cutoff, pass rates are 80 percent for whites and 63 percent for minorities. At that cutoff, the minority pass rate is about 21 percent lower than the white pass rate. If the cutoff is lowered to the point where 95 percent of whites pass, assuming normal test score distributions, the minority pass rate would be about 87 percent. Thus, with the lower cutoff, the minority pass rate would be only 8.4 percent lower than the white rate. Because lowering a test's cutoff tends to reduce relative (percentage) differences in pass rates, lowering a cutoff has been universally regarded as reducing a test's racial impact.