The death penalty in Maryland in the last 40 years has been applied in a much different manner than in other states — and even when compared to Maryland's own history. Texas has executed 474, Maryland five. California has 721 on death row, Maryland five. Before 1976, Maryland executed 306, since then five. This rare and selective use of the death penalty reflects the conscience of the community. The ultimate punishment is reserved for those who commit the most heinous crimes.