Catholics must fight for religious freedom

With tweets and text messages, prayers and preaching, Catholics and other Americans are spending two weeks (June 21-July 4) launching a religious freedom awareness campaign called the "Fortnight for Freedom."

Concern for the freedom of Christians to practice their religion, both here and abroad, has been growing for years, and now there are calls for immediate action. Stories of people literally dying for the faith in Iraq and Nigeria can be found in daily newspapers. There, churches are bombed and the blood of martyrs runs freely.


Here in the United States, our concern arises from far less dire — yet still very serious — threats to our own free exercise of religion. We are blessed in our nation to call this our First Freedom. It listed at the top of the Bill of Rights in our Constitution and reinforced by many other laws protecting the freedom of belief, worship and action. In short, these laws protect us from being punished by the government for living our lives in accord with our religious beliefs.

The most visible threat currently is the mandate from the Department of Health and Human Services that forces people and groups to fund and facilitate services to which they object in conscience. Further, this mandate exempts some from that coercion, based on a definition of religious ministry that is extremely narrow and unprecedented in federal law.


According to HHS, an entity deserves religious freedom only if it primarily hires and primarily serves its co-religionists. But the state has no competence or authority to define the church and its ministries, let alone to impose on it such a restrictive, inward-looking definition.

This definition is a blow to any religious community, but especially to Catholics, who are called to serve anyone in need. As we often say, we serve people because we are Catholic, not because they are. It is why so many Catholic schools enroll so many non-Catholics; Catholic hospitals don't ask for baptismal certificates upon admission; and Catholic soup kitchens don't quiz the hungry on the Catechism. But the mandate is not the only problem. Last year, HHS chose to deny federal grants to an otherwise much better-qualified provider of services to victims of human trafficking because that provider could not, in conscience, facilitate the provision of abortion or contraception. In other words, faithful Catholics need not apply.

And the federal government is not the only problem, either. In Alabama and other states, anti-immigrant legislation is so draconian as to make it a crime to give basic help — such as food, or a ride to church, or counseling — to an undocumented immigrant. This imperils the good work of pastors who are called to care for all souls, not just those recognized by government.

The bishops of the United States hope that the Fortnight, which began this past Thursday with a Mass at a packed Baltimore Basilica, will be an opportunity to educate people on religious liberty, as understood in the teachings of our church and the heritage of our nation; to pray together for this precious liberty; and to speak out to so as to join with fellow Americans in assuring its preservation for generations to come.

Archbishop William E. Lori is head of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore. He may be contacted at