Ironically, the real problem with the commissioner system is not what powers they have, but what powers they don't. In their limited role, commissioners do not engage in any kind of colloquy with prosecutors, defense lawyers or pretrial release personnel in an attempt to resolve the case. As a result, in virtually every offense ranging from a simple charge of disorderly conduct to a more serious felony, the defendant is cast into the vortex of the criminal justice system after appearing before a commissioner. It may be months, or sometimes years, before the case is ever resolved, leaving the defendant's life in limbo. Those who are not released or who do not make bail languish in jail while they await trial and inevitably forego education, employment and other opportunities while contributing to an enormous drain on limited judicial resources. And although defendants who are held have a right to later review by a judge of the commissioner's initial release determination, this is a duplicative step in the process.