First, work, the sooner the better. The reason welfare rolls rose before the reforms of 1996 was that welfare recipients, like ex-offenders now, were assumed unable to work. There were all kinds of barriers assumed by advocates that would get in the way of getting a job. Lack of training or education, drugs, day care, housing, transportation and so many other obstacles were proposed to be fixed first before work was an option. What happened? No one went to work, and millions remained dependent on government support. When reform efforts proposed work first, supports after, the national rolls fell by over 60 percent, a stupendous social policy achievement.