Historically, university affirmative action cases have zeroed in on eliminating quotas and ensuring good-faith efforts to consider race sparingly and only as necessary for a robust college experience. They have not aspired to race-neutrality, especially when the constitutionally upheld end-goal is racial diversity. For decades, the goal of student diversity was given the full-throated support first articulated in the Bakke decision. Now, the Supreme Court appears resigned to, and perhaps even to encourage, a drawing down of that position. There's a new line, one in which American higher education has no special status in our society, and where the goal of diversity is a necessary evil.