Fascinating history in hand: "Deluxe Jim Crow: Civil Rights and American Health Policy, 1935-1954," (University of Georgia Press) by Karen Kruse Thomas, a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of the History of Medicine at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. The book examines health policy in the United States in the early/mid-20th Century, with a particular focus on the dreary scene in the South and efforts by the federal government to improve medical delivery to the poor in rural areas. Of course, this was the Jim Crow South, and Southern Democrats called for improved health care while abiding "separate but equal" health services. Ms. Thomas looks at the tension between those who wanted to offer "Deluxe Jim Crow" and those who argued that separate-but-equal should not stand. While that argument raged in courts, the federal government did its thing and, Ms. Thomas contends, support for "separate but equal" health care resulted in the construction of badly-needed hospitals and the training of more black doctors. File this one under "ethical complexity and ambiguity" in the Roosevelt-Truman years.