President Barack Obama could not have chosen more wisely when he nominated longtime Enoch Pratt Free Library CEO Carla Hayden to head the Library of Congress this week. Ms. Hayden, who has directed Baltimore's sprawling public library system since 1993, is ideally suited by experience, vision and temperament to lead the venerable 214-year-old institution in Washington that has been called America's library. She is an innovator who can be counted on to bring the Library of Congress' vast collection of 162 million books, manuscripts, maps and documents into the digital age for the benefit of people across the country and around the world, and we urge the Senate to confirm her nomination without delay.
In announcing his decision, Mr. Obama noted that "Dr. Hayden has devoted her career to modernizing libraries so that everyone can participate in today's digital culture. She has the proven experience, dedication, and deep knowledge of our nation's libraries to serve our country well."
Ms. Hayden graduated from Roosevelt University and earned master's and doctoral degrees in library science from the University of Chicago. For a time she taught library science at the University of Pittsburgh before beginning her professional career as a children's librarian at the Chicago Public Library, where she became deputy director in 1991. After coming to Baltimore to lead the Pratt, she was named National Librarian of the Year by Library Journal in 1995 and was twice honored for her outreach efforts to disadvantaged and minority communities.
Though Ms. Hayden is often described as a model of calm composure, she's not afraid to get feisty in defense of her beliefs. She was president of the American Library Association in 2003 when she feuded with then-U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft over a section of the Patriot Act that allowed the FBI to spy on library users' records. When Ms. Hayden criticized the law as an invasion of readers' privacy, Mr. Ashcroft ridiculed her complaint, claiming the ALA had been "misled." Ms. Hayden promptly shot back that the FBI's snooping was comparable to the government surveillance of librarians during the McCarthy era.
If confirmed by the Senate, Ms. Hayden would take on the formidable task of modernizing a Library of Congress that remains sadly behind the times in terms of technology and to extend the reach of its services to new readers. Its collections have not been digitized for the most part, and critics say it hasn't kept pace with basic improvements such as high-speed Internet service and Wi-Fi connections. In Baltimore, Ms. Hayden increased patrons' access to computers and e-readers and expanded the library's electronic collection. She's also leading a $114 million renovation of the central library that began last year and another $40 million in renovations to neighborhood branches.
Perhaps most importantly, Ms. Hayden throughout her career has recognized the vital role that libraries play in maintaining and strengthening the communities they serve. That commitment to community service was vividly on display last year when she kept the library's doors open during the unrest following the death of Freddie Gray while in police custody as a haven where residents could gather. "It was very evident that people needed, not only information, but a safe place and a trusted place to go," she recalled. "We became a site for people to actually get food, to get supplies. We opened up our meeting room. It became that community meeting place. People were so relieved to have a safe place to be."