Del. Dan K. Morhaim, who is a doctor, and Sen. Catherine Pugh are leading an effort backed by several hospitals and physician groups to devise a new, no-fault system for handling such injuries. Modeled after efforts in Florida and Virginia that have been in effect for more than two decades, the legislation would create a fund that would offer compensation for children who suffered neurological injuries during birth regardless of negligence. Litigation would only be allowed in cases in which the doctor "maliciously" caused the injury. The fund would be supported by payments from obstetricians, hospitals and insurers who would, theoretically, come out ahead because of lower malpractice premiums and awards.