A federal judge in Virginia has already ruled that Mr. Malvo's life sentences there need to be reconsidered based on Supreme Court rulings that occurred after his trials. The high court has found that life sentences without the possibility of parole are illegal for juveniles for any crimes except murder (not an issue in this case; Mr. Malvo was convicted on multiple murder counts) and that mandatory minimum sentences of life without parole are illegal for juveniles for any crime. Last year, the court decided that the standard should be applied retroactively to people serving such sentences. The court has also outlawed the death penalty for crimes committed by juveniles. (Muhammad was executed in Virginia in 2009.) Citing a 2012 Supreme Court ruling, the Virginia judge, Raymond A. Jackson, wrote that Mr. Malvo is entitled to have the courts consider whether his crimes are proof of "irreparable corruption" or the product of "the transient immaturity of youth,"