The Chairman of the National Economic Council is the gatekeeper to the Oval Office for economic information and principal advisor to the president of policies for economic recovery.
He prepares the daily brief on all the economic data journalists and analysts report and write about. Hence, replacing him with someone from industry, for example Anne Mulcahy, former chief executive of Xerox, would be a mistake, even if that is likely to happen.
Simply, Ms. Mulcahy does not have the background to effectively advise the president on the intricacies of topics ranging from the Consumer Price Index to the effects of inventory purchases on actual and sustainable GDP growth. Think of it like an NFL team — you want a running back to be a running back, not a wide receiver.
The administration needs private industry expertise, but other vacancies will emerge in the cabinet — for example, commerce secretary — and it would be better to put Ms. Mulcahy there, or at Health and Human Services to implement national health care. She is currently chairwoman of Save the Children.
Whoever the president picks, he (or, more likely, she) will be liberal. Economists know that temporary investment tax credits and jobs tax credits only have temporary and quite limited effects, but this president likes those sorts of things. Mr. Summers' replacement must be an economist who will go along with those policies or an industry leader who can provide them with a gloss of respectability or be excused for not knowing better. This person, if it is an economist, must soft peddle the limitations of policy tools the president likes.
Often mentioned Laura Tyson is the perfect fit. She is a champion of industry and manufacturing, liberal and an accomplished economist — though rather flexible in her interpretation of economic evidence. She is not the Harvard theoretician northeastern liberal establishment economists would recommend — a.k.a. Alan Blinder from Princeton — but the establishment can't oppose her because of her tour of duty as President Clinton's chairwoman of the Council of Economic Advisors.
Summers deputy Diana Farrell has liabilities among manufacturers. She has a track record of advocating outsourcing. That would make her a friend of multinationals heavily invested in China, like Caterpillar and GE, but would hurt her with domestically focused companies that want something done about China.
If the president goes with Ms. Farrell, it is a key indicator he is not serious about outsourcing and doing something about China's currency and protectionism.
Finally, the best person for the job may be Mr. Blinder. I prefer Ms. Tyson for her industry roots, but Mr. Blinder is likely most acceptable to Wall Street and the Harvard/Princeton axis of ideological and credentials purity. He could be treasury secretary or Federal Reserve chairman — Ms. Tyson would be poor choices for those jobs. Mr. Summers' position would permit the president to test drive Mr. Blinder. However, look for the president to go with a woman because the other two top economics posts are held by men.
Peter Morici is a professor at the Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland and former chief economist at the U.S. International Trade Commission. His e-mail is firstname.lastname@example.org.