Cardinal William H. Keeler, the longtime leader of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, whose influence in the Roman Catholic Church spanned international borders over nearly six decades, died March 23 at the age of 86.
During his 17 years as leader of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, Cardinal Keeler hosted Pope John Paul II in 1995 during a papal visit to America, voted in the conclave that chose Benedict XVI as John Paul’s successor, and raised more than $100 million for programs, schools and scholarships for low-income city students.
He was also gave a leading national voice against abortion, built an international reputation for forging ties with believers of other faiths and was lauded by many for being the first in the nation to name priests accused of sexual abuse, detailing financial settlements and publicly apologizing for priests’ crimes.
The cardinal was also responsible for the effort to restore Baltimore’s Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The costs of the restoration were funded entirely through private donations.
He was buried in the crypt beneath the main altar of the Basilica, the final resting place of eight archbishops of Baltimore, including the first, Archbishop John Carroll, and Archbishop James Gibbons, who held the position for 44 years.
Archbishop William E. Lori called that fitting. “Cardinal Keeler will take his rest with them,” he said. “He is a leader of [their] stature.”
Frank Deford built his career in other places, but always referred to Baltimore as home.
“All of us in Baltimore felt a certain defensiveness, and sometimes defensiveness can be good because it makes you strive to work harder to show yourself,” the sports magazine writer and commentator for National Public Radio and HBO Sports said in a 2002 interview with The Baltimore Sun.
Mr. Deford, who was born and raised in North Baltimore, died May 28 at his home in Key West, Fla., at age 78.
With wavy hair and a dark mustache, Mr. Deford’s look and sonorous speaking voice made him a memorable figure on HBO’s “Real Sports” and as an NPR commentator.
In addition to pieces for Sports Illustrated and NPR commentaries, the 1957 graduate of Gilman School wrote more than a dozen books, including a poignant appreciation of his daughter, Alex, who died of cystic fibrosis in 1980 at age 8. He advocated for cystic fibrosis research for the rest of his life.
In 2013, he received the National Humanities Medal from President Barack Obama. He recorded his last NPR dispatch less than a month before his death.
“Nothing has pleased me so much as when someone — usually a woman — writes me or tells me that she’s appreciated sports more because NPR allowed me to treat sports seriously, as another branch on the tree of culture,” he said. “Thank you for listening. Thank you for abiding me.”
Anna Curry recalled her father reading passages from Poe and Longfellow to her when she was a child growing up in East Baltimore. She said she got a library card at the Pratt’s Broadway branch when she was old enough to print her name.
“Weren’t all lower-middle-class black families in Baltimore spending hot summer nights reading on the roof?” she asked.
Ms. Curry, who in 1981 became the first woman and the first African-American head the Enoch Pratt Free Library, died March 19 at age 83.
She was a graduate of Dunbar High School and worked as a nurse’s aide at Johns Hopkins Hospital as she studied for a degree in history at what is now Morgan State University. While there, she took courses in library work.
In 1954, when she graduated, “There were very few blacks working at the Pratt…. Back then, most communities that had branches were white.”
She pursued a library career and eventually became a regional manager at Pratt. In 1976, she was named assistant director, and in 1981, Pratt’s board of trustees named her director. Mrs. Curry renovated the Pennsylvania Avenue branch, opened a computer center there and also opened a new branch on Washington Boulevard in Pigtown. Colleagues said even amid financial constraints, she increased services.
“I know the kind of image the city of Baltimore and the cultural community probably expected in the director, and I wasn’t sure they were ready to endorse a black woman,” she said.
She called her selection “a real Cinderella story.”
E. Clinton Bamberger Jr.
E. Clinton Bamberger Jr., a Baltimore attorney who helped shape the practice of criminal and civil law in Maryland and across the nation, died Feb. 12 at Roland Park Place at age 90.
“He was one of the giants of the profession,” said Herbert Garten, 88, a Baltimore attorney who has practiced in Maryland since 1954.
The former Inner Harbor and Bolton Hill resident spent most of his career fighting on behalf of disadvantaged people.
In 1963, he represented convicted murderer John L. Brady of Maryland before the U.S. Supreme Court in a case that led the high court to rule that prosecutors must give defendants any evidence they possess that might indicate their innocence. Failure to do so is a violation of the 14th Amendment, the court wrote in what is known as the “Brady rule.”
Legal experts have hailed the decision as a significant development in criminal justice law.
In 1965, Mr. Bamberger became the first director of legal services at the federal Office of Economic Opportunity and created the first national program to help the poor with civil legal problems — the predecessor for what in 1974 became the Legal Services Corp., which now provides funding to 134 legal aid organizations across the nation.
In 1982, he joined the University of Maryland School of Law and selected law students to provide free services to the poor. In 1984 he represented a West Baltimore woman in a lead paint case that broadened tenants’ recourse over landlords.
He was named to the Open Society Institute-Baltimore, which advocates issues of poverty, criminal justice and education.
“Clinton was a rigorous thinker who had high ethical standards and was fearless,” said Diana Morris, institute director. “When he thought there was a wrong done, he used the legal system to bring about justice.”
Boyse F. Mosley
Boyse F. Mosley, a media-savvy Baltimore City public school principal who criticized his superiors while stressing academics, died of heart failure Oct. 2 at Gilchrist Hospice Care in Towson. The Mondawmin-area resident was 85.
Mr. Mosley once stated that “public education, as we know it, is dead” and told a reporter he had “lost faith” in Baltimore’s schools. But he never stopped working to make them better.
Born in McDonald, Pa., he taught English in Pittsburgh public schools before moving to Baltimore in 1961. He began as a social studies teacher at Fairmount Hill Junior-Senior High School, taught at Frederick Douglass Senior High, then had stints as special assistant and assistant principal at Edmondson and Forest Park senior high schools.
In 1972, he was named principal at the new Lake Clifton school. He had secretaries answer the phone: “Good morning, magnificent Lake Clifton.”
“The kids like me,” he said in 1976. “They know what I expect and where I’m coming from.”
He did not care about consensus. When male teachers balked at wearing ties, he bought a supply and handed them out. He desegregated the school, which had had an all-African-American student body, adding several hundred white students.
Mr. Mosley was promoted to Northeast Baltimore regional superintendent in 1976. He began appearing on talk television and radio programs, criticizing the school system.
He lost his regional superintendent’s position in a reorganization. He later served as principal at Gwynns Falls Park Junior High School, then moved to Northwestern Senior High School in 1982, where he served a decade.
He became an official at Anne Arundel Community College, the Hickey School and Morning Star Youth Academy in Woolford in Dorchester County. He retired in 2006.
“He stirred the pot in a good way,” said former Mayor Kurt L. Schmoke, now president of the University of Baltimore. He said Mr. Mosley made people “a little uncomfortable with the status quo. He thought it was his mission.”
Dr. Angela Brodie
Angela Hartley Brodie, a scientist whose research advanced treatments for breast cancer and was credited with helping save the lives of thousands of women, died June 7 of complications from Parkinson’s disease at her home in Fulton. She was 82.
The University of Maryland School of Medicine biochemist and pharmacologist did work that inhibited the disease’s path in women whose tumors had failed to shrink after undergoing conventional treatments. Her discovery, a drug called an aromatase inhibitor, was made up in batches at the University of Maryland in downtown Baltimore.
Dr. Brodie’s research was not initially adopted by the National Institutes of Health, but in London a group of patients were willing to try, and some 30 percent saw their cancers go into remission.
“The drugs she developed cut the risk of breast cancer returning for some women by 40 percent or more,” said Dr. Kevin Cullen, director of the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center.
As a young woman, Dr. Brodie had attended a slide lecture about radical mastectomies for women with breast cancer and “was horrified,” said Dr. Margaret McCarthy, her department chair. “She thought it was a butcher shop, and she said to herself, ‘There has to be better way.’ ”
She conducted research at the Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology in Shrewsbury, Mass., and joined the faculty of University of Maryland School of Medicine in 1979. She worked there until her retirement last year.
“Angela … was a giant scientifically and made a fundamental discovery that ultimately saved the lives of millions of women,” said Dr. McCarthy. “She never sought fame. She only sought to improve the treatment of cancer.”
Lawrence J. Hogan Sr.
Lawrence J. Hogan Sr., the father of Maryland’s governor who earned a reputation as a tough and independent-minded politician during three terms in the House of Representatives and one term as Prince George’s County executive, died April 20 at Anne Arundel Medical Center of complications from a stroke. He was 88.
In 1974, Mr. Hogan was the first Republican on the House Judiciary Committee to openly advocate impeachment of GOP President Richard M. Nixon. Years later, his son recalled his father’s stance during his inauguration as governor, saying: “I probably learned more about integrity in one day when my dad read that vote than most people learn in a lifetime.”
A conservative who opposed both abortion and busing to achieve racial integration in schools, he ran unsuccessfully for House of Representatives in 1966 in Prince George’s County. In 1968, he ran again and won, advocating for “the hardworking, taxpaying, law-abiding citizen.” He won re-election twice.
In 2015 he told WYPR radio that after voting for President Nixon’s impeachment, he lost “friends, supporters and contributions.” After the president’s resignation, Hogan lost the Republican gubernatorial primary to Louise Gore — who lost in the general election to Democratic Gov. Marvin Mandel.
Mr. Hogan was elected Prince George’s County executive in 1978. He kept taxes down but was accused of shortchanging county schools. In 1982, he lost to Democrat Paul S. Sarbanes for a seat in the U.S. Senate.
In 1998 he published a work about murders associated with members of the Osage tribe who had grown wealthy in the 1920s with the discovery of oil. He had studied the case as a young FBI agent when director J. Edgar Hoover assigned him to research it, and never lost his interest.
“The cruel and monumental injustices done to the Osages cry out for exposure,” he wrote.
Greg Novik, an eccentric former advertising executive who co-founded Baltimore’s popular Greg’s Bagels with his wife, died Oct. 11. He was 71.
Mr. Novik was recognized by his salt-and-pepper beard, oversized shirts, black pants and hair that looked like he styled it by sticking his fingers into an electrical outlet. For nearly 30 years he dispensed humor and bagels and was known as the “mayor of Belvedere Square.”
As a young man Louis Gregory Novik — he later ditched the Louis — played piano, saxophone, bass and guitar. He toured with The Resumes, The Newports and his own band, Greg Novik and the Novacanes. He coordinated broadcast advertising for Hutzler’s department store and later created campaigns and jingles for Stewart’s department store, Lexington Lady, Care First, Baltimore Blast, Maryland National Bank and Channel 45.
One Sunday in 1986, he and his wife Kathy decided to make bagels from a cookbook.
“Rock hard,” Mr. Novik said. But they perfected a recipe and opened Greg’s Bagels in 1989 in Belvedere Square. Customers lined up for bagels, lox and sandwiches.
“I can’t believe we’ve done so well,” he said in 1990. “We knew nothing about baking. We knew nothing about business. Now we know something about baking, but we still don’t know anything about business. Maybe that’s our strength.”
When other merchants fled Belvedere Square — which was shuttered in 1995 — Mr. Novik stayed. In 2003, the market reopened with new vitality.
He employed local students, becoming “like an uncle to thousands of nieces and nephews,” said Charles Vascellaro, a writer and a former bartender at nearby Grand Cru.
Mr. Novik was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2016. He closed the store and sold the business, which reopened this year.
George Beall, the U.S. attorney who led the investigation and prosecution that ended with the resignation of Vice President Spiro T. Agnew in 1973, died of cancer Jan. 15 in Naples, Fla. He was 79.
U.S. Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein, former U.S. attorney for Maryland, called Mr. Beall “a legendary federal prosecutor, an exemplary public servant and a lawyer of unsurpassed integrity.”
A Frostburg native whose father was a U.S. senator, Mr. Beall attended Princeton University and the University of Virginia School of Law. He served in the Army and belonged to the Maryland National Guard.
He was named U.S. attorney for Maryland in 1970 and learned of corruption charges in Baltimore County. An investigation focused on local officials, but led to Mr. Agnew, a former county executive and Maryland governor. Richard M. Nixon selected Mr. Agnew as his vice president in 1968.
“George Beall had the courage not to stop the investigation, even as he was getting calls from Nixon's White House to end it," said Barnet D. Skolnik, chief of the office's public corruption unit.
During the investigation, the staff issued more than 500 subpoenas. Ron Liebman, one of the federal prosecutors, said Mr. Beall “never batted an eye. ... He was with us all the way, from Day 1."
Mr. Agnew ultimately pleaded no contest to one count of tax evasion and resigned the vice presidency in October 1973.
Mr. Beall served as U.S. attorney until 1975, then joined the Baltimore law firm Miles and Stockbridge. In 1988, he opened the Baltimore branch of Hogan & Hartson, a Washington-based firm. He was managing partner for a decade.
Betty I. Williams
Betty I. Williams, a retired Eastern High School principal known who influenced thousands of children in her long career, died of cancer Oct. 29 at her Ashburton home. She was 94.
“She demanded a student’s best, and she would find a way to reach their hidden confidence,” said her goddaughter, Terri Parker of Baltimore.
Born in New York City, she was reared by her grandparents and lived in Waverly. In a memoir, she recalled her childhood neighborhood: “On Sundays there were walks through Wyman Park to the Baltimore Museum of Art,” where she said African- Americans were allowed to visit.
She attended Dunbar High School, Morgan State University and had a master’s degree from the Johns Hopkins University. She also studied at Columbia University amd Howard University.
Her teaching career including stints at Dunbar Evening School, Booker T. Washington and Lemmel junior high schools, and Northwestern and Eastern high schools. She held posts including English department head, special assistant and assistant principal. She served as Eastern’s principal from 1970 to 1976.
She acknowledged a “reputation for being a disciplinarian,” but told The Sun she also had an open-door policy. She engaged students through coaching classes, clubs and committees.
Milton A. Dugger Jr. was a junior high student of Miss Williams’ and credited her with teaching him to be “exact when speaking.” He recalled an occasion when students had skipped school to go to the movies. She went to the theater, “had their management turn on the lights … and then she escorted the students back to school. She could be tenacious.”
She became an assistant to the regional superintendent and served there until her retirement from the system in 1982, then joined the faculty at Morgan State.
Then-Mayor Kurt L. Schmoke appointed her to the Baltimore Commission on Aging. She later received its Retirement Education Award.
Others we lost in 2017
Eugene E. "Fat Back" Allen, 88, an arabber who spent 80 years clip-clopping up and down city alleys and streets selling produce and seafood from a horse-drawn wagon.
Lane K. Berk, 89, a civil rights and social justice activist and a supporter of the arts who won the legal battle to display a 10-foot-tall orange pylon spelling B-A-L-T-I-M-O-R-E on the roof of her Federal Hill home.
Gary Black Jr., 75, chairman of the Abell Foundation and former vice president of sales and marketing for the old A.S. Abell Co., publishers of the Baltimore Sunpapers.
Jean Bradford, 81, a Goucher College psychology professor who was a co-founder of the college's women's studies and peace studies programs.
Sister Mary Alice Chineworth, 99, a former superior of the Oblate Sisters of Providence who helped secure philanthropic gifts to the order's schools.
Denise Choiniere, 48, an oncology nursing administrator at the University of Maryland Medical Center who was an advocate of environmentally friendly policies at medical institutions.
Anthony W. “Tony” Deering, 72, the former head of the Rouse Company who orchestrated its sale, and a benefactor of Baltimore’s education, arts and theater communities.
Dr. Burton C. D’Lugoff, 89, an internist and addiction specialist who was the former director of outpatient addiction services at the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center and a co-founder of the Village Gate nightclub in New York City.
Betty Lou Driver, 87, a Kennedy Krieger Institute physical therapist whose life with cerebral palsy served as an inspiration to children similarly afflicted.
Audrey Marion Eastman, 93, a civic activist who became known as “The Rat Lady” of Charles Village as she walked its alleys in her own rodent eradication campaign.
Alan I. Elkin, 85, co-founder with his wife of Advance Business Systems, who spoke the memorable line "We live and breathe this stuff" in TV ads that made him a local celebrity.
Albina Faidley, 99, who co-owned the renowned Faidley Seafood at Lexington Market.
Jervis S. Finney, 85, a former U.S. attorney for Maryland and legal counsel to former Gov. Robert L. Ehrlich Jr. who also served in the state Senate and was a Baltimore County councilman.
The Rev. Barry K. Hargrove, 51, pastor of Prince of Peace Baptist Church in East Baltimore for more than a decade, who brought messages of social justice and environmental awareness.
Judge Alexander Harvey II, 94, who served on the Maryland federal bench and was a World War II veteran.
H. Grant Hathaway, 89, chairman and chief executive officer of the old Equitable Trust Co., who helped build Equitable Bancorporation into one of the state's most successful banks.
Deborah London Hoffman, 96, a dancer, choreographer and teacher who taught Baltimore-area students for more than six decades.
Cenap Remzi Kiratli, 93, Turkey's consul general for Maryland who was head of the modern languages department at the Community College of Baltimore County.
Dr. Yoji Kondo, 84, an astrophysicist and science-fiction writer who wrote a “Star Trek” novel.
Dr. John W. Littlefield, 91, a former chairman of pediatrics and physiology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine whose research advanced the field of genetics and touched countless lives.
Jack Luskin, 89, who built a Baltimore-based chain of electronics and home appliance stores over nearly five decades with the help of his famous slogan “The Cheapest Guy in Town.”
David Modell, 55, former president of the Baltimore Ravens and the son of former team owner Art Modell.
Dr. Albert H. Owens Jr., 90, a pioneering oncologist who was a former president of Johns Hopkins Hospital.
Lawrence A. Pezzullo, 91, a career diplomat who later became the first layman to serve as executive director of Catholic Relief Services.
Mary Jo Pons, 87, a leading figure in Maryland thoroughbred racing who co-owned Country Life Farm.
Virginia M. Reinecke, 97, a Baltimore pianist and organist who entertained audiences for nearly 70 years and a co-founder of the "Music In the Great Hall" series.
Orlando "Lanny" Ridout IV, 95, an architectural historian, Annapolis preservationist and an author who served as the first director of the Maryland Historical Trust.
Frederick I. Scott Jr., 89, the Johns Hopkins University's first African-American undergraduate, who went on to a successful career as an engineer and editor.
David Simon, 92, a musician, artist and academic who came to Baltimore in 1979 as the founding director of the School for the Arts.
Alfred J. Smith, 91, a career educator who was the founding president of Howard Community College.
Mary Irene Traeger, 84, who was among the founders and a treasurer of the community organizing group Baltimoreans United in Leadership Development.
Jean R. Worthley, 92, a Maryland naturalist who with her orange-winged Amazon parrot Aurora hosted Maryland Public Television's popular children's show "Hodgepodge Lodge" during the 1970s, died April 9 in her sleep at her Finksburg home.She was 92.