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Surgeon who helped pioneer key CPR technique dies at 87

DR. JAMES JUDE, 87

Helped pioneer key CPR technique

Dr. James Jude, one of the experts credited with pioneering cardiopulmonary resuscitation, died Tuesday in Coral Gables, Fla., after an extended illness.

In the 1950s at the Johns Hopkins University's School of Medicine, the doctor and electrical engineers William Kouwenhoven and Guy Knickerbocker did research that led to their development of chest compression in 1960. This was combined with work by others on artificial respiration to become CPR.

According to a Hopkins publication, Dr. Jude, a surgeon and professor, worked in a lab adjacent to Mr. Kouwenhoven, who was developing an external defibrillator with the help of Mr. Knickerbocker.

"Jude was in the laboratory one Saturday when Knickerbocker mentioned an observation that he had while conducting his defibrillation experiments. He told him how he detected a brief, temporary rise in blood pressure when the heavy copper electrodes were applied to the chest wall of a dog whose heart had stopped beating. Dr. Jude immediately recognized the significance of the observation: It was external cardiac massage," the publication said.

The Minnesota native moved to Florida in 1964 to become professor of surgery and chief of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery at the University of Miami School of Medicine and Jackson Memorial Hospital. He maintained a private practice from 1971 until 2000.

—Associated Press and Jacques Kelly

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