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WEEK 2

THE BALTIMORE SUN

How will Lipscomb hold up?

Ronald H. Lipscomb is perhaps the most important figure in the trial, other than Dixon herself. Her former boyfriend and a pivotal figure for both the defense and the prosecution, Lipscomb is participating in the case after pleading guilty to exceeding campaign finance limits in a separate case and agreeing to cooperate with state prosecutors. He is expected to say the mayor solicited gift cards for charity, as prosecutors try to prove she stole money by using the gift cards herself. Dixon attorney Arnold M. Weiner spent much of his opening statement disparaging Lipscomb's character and raised questions about his business, Doracon Contracting. How will he hold up under tough questioning by defense attorneys? Whose side will the jury take in the he-said, she-said contest?

Who will show up in the courtroom?

Some of the most prominent names in Baltimore could be heading into the courtroom this week and next, some as character witnesses for the Democratic mayor. They include Rep. Elijah Cummings; the Rev. Frank Reid III, pastor of Bethel AME, the mayor's church; Kirby Fowler, head of the Downtown Partnership; and John Paterakis Sr., the baker and developer who pleaded guilty over the summer to exceeding campaign limits in a separate City Hall corruption case. Their names were among 72 on a list given to prospective jurors as people who might be called as witnesses. One of the biggest names, Cummings, initially acknowledged that he was a potential witness, then said later that he was not scheduled to testify.

Was splitting the cases wise?

Prosecutors charged Dixon in two separate indictments, which enabled her defense attorneys to sever the trials. This trial is on charges that she stole gift cards. A second trial, scheduled for March, will be on charges that she failed to report on ethics forms gifts from Lipscomb, a developer and her former boyfriend, who needed City Hall approval for some of his projects to move forward. In the first trial, she is contending that the Lipscomb gift cards were personal gifts to her. But they weren't reported on her ethics form. If the cases had been tried together, she might not have been able to make the same argument.

With City Hall on trial, will Dixon take the stand?

After the state rests its case, the mayor herself might take the stand. But before that happens, the jury - and the public - will see some of the unseemly aspects of how City Hall operates, with prosecutors saying the "cozy relations" between developers and officials border on corruption. Defense attorneys are likely to say that municipal records are poorly kept. If the mayor testifies, she will have to keep a hold on her temper, which can flare when she is barraged with questions. Just last week, she snapped at a press aide and demanded that reporters back off.

What will Howard Dixon say?

The mayor's longtime driver is a former city police officer who bluntly called Dixon a "shopaholic" during grand jury testimony. He's not related to the mayor but has been in some difficult-to-comprehend positions with her. Asking no questions, he accepted $4,000 in cash from Dixon and used it to pay her credit card bill. Prosecutors say he ferried gift cards from developers to Dixon.

A third batch of cards

Prosecutors dropped a bombshell before the trial opened, when they told defense attorneys they had unearthed new documents that would support the testimony of a third developer previously unconnected to the corruption case. It wasn't just Lipscomb and another developer, Patrick Turner, who gave gift cards to the mayor, prosecutors said. Glenn Charlow handed over a bunch as well - and the mayor, the prosecutors added, said she wanted them for her church. Dixon's lawyers cried foul, and the judge refused to allow Charlow to testify or be mentioned during the initial phase of the trial. But the judge hasn't decided yet if Charlow can be called as a rebuttal witness.

The mayor's argument

Now we know Dixon's defense: It wasn't theft or confusion that prompted her to use the gift cards in question. For months, Dixon's lawyers hinted that the mayor's defense would be that she inadvertently spent the cards -- mixing them up with others meant for her. So it was jolting when Arnold Weiner delivered an opening statement that said something different. There was no confusion, he said, and the mayor wouldn't challenge prosecution claims that she bought an Xbox, Old Navy clothing or a camcorder. She spent the cards readily - because they were meant as gifts for her. Prosecutors will have to convince the jury that they were meant, instead, for charity.

The jury consultant

State prosecutor Robert A. Rohrbaugh - a former federal prosecutor who lives in Montgomery County - had some outside assistance in picking the jury. In an unusual move, he retained a trial consultant, who stood by his side during two days of jury selection. Defense lawyers often rely on outside help in an effort to pick a jury more favorable to the accused; and while it might be a growing trend for prosecutors to use jury consultants, it remains a rare option for the state. Rohrbaugh, with only a few attorneys in his office and a limited budget, wouldn't say how much he was paying Ronald Matlon. But there's little doubt that the composition of the majority-black jury - nine women and three men - is among the most critical elements in the case. One juror, an alternate, threw a scare into the courtroom when he fainted while talking to the judge. He was excused from the trial, leaving five alternates.

Dixon's boyfriends

Lipscomb will take the stand, likely today or Tuesday. In June 2008, Dixon issued a statement to The Baltimore Sun saying she and Lipscomb had a "personal relationship" in "late 2003 and early 2004." She described the relationship as "brief." But last week, Weiner, a Dixon attorney, said in his opening statement that their personal ties extended from at least 2003 into 2006, when he gave her dozens of gift cards. Her current boyfriend, Edward Anthony, took the stand Friday and said he and the mayor began dating in 2006 and that he has traveled extensively with her, to destinations including Miami, the Dominican Republic, Hawaii and, recently, Las Vegas.

INSIDE: The biggest surprises so far

Four things that we didn't know before Dixon's trial started pg 8

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