Picture this: You're eager to take advantage of today's troubled real estate market and buy a foreclosed house at a fire-sale price.
The problem is you don't have much money for a down payment. And your credit files are scuffed up with late payments.
What you need is a service that can help put it all together for you -- linking you into lists of available foreclosures, credit repair, and even low-down-payment mortgage financing.
Companies that promise to do at least some of these things -- especially to fix your credit -- ply their wares aggressively on the Internet. But can they really do what they claim? Based on a recent settlement by the Federal Trade Commission, the only conclusion is: If the deal involves paying money upfront, don't do it.
According to a complaint by the FTC filed in U.S. District Court in New York, the Home Buyers Consulting Network Inc. of Raleigh, N.C., promised would-be buyers that it could raise their credit scores by 50 points to 100 points, help them locate foreclosed houses through a network of participating agents and connect them with low-cost mortgage money to complete the deal.
Through online and telephone pitches, Home Buyers Consulting Network and its affiliated firms -- GoodCredit.com, the Good Credit Company and 0Down HomeBuyers.com -- allegedly guaranteed clients that they could "remove accurate, negative information from [their] credit reports permanently, including bankruptcies and past due bills," according to the FTC's complaint. For their services, the companies typically requested an initial payment of $99 for credit repairs and $399 for credit and home-buying "consulting" services. The client also had to agree to a minimum contract period -- anywhere from six months to 12 months -- and make weekly or monthly payments of $19 to $49. The companies promised to refund all monies except $99 if the customer was not satisfied.
After consumer complaints and an investigation in cooperation with North Carolina authorities, the FTC filed suit against Home Buyers Consulting Network and its chief executive, Douglas Andersen Moore, for allegedly violating federal credit and consumer protection statutes.
Among the claims:
Home Buyers Consulting Network and its affiliates falsely promised clients that they could scrub records of even the most severely negative information, even though they were not able to do so when the information was "accurate and not obsolete."
The companies required payment in advance of actually performing their credit services -- a violation of the federal Credit Repair Organizations Act.
In a settlement with the FTC late last month, neither Moore nor the Home Buyers Consulting Network admitted wrongdoing, but they agreed to stop "using any untrue or misleading statements" to pull in buyers looking for credit fixes, as well as to cease collecting money upfront for credit-repair services, and to provide the full disclosures to clients required by federal law.
The settlement imposed a $573,000 civil penalty and a $40,000 restitution of funds to customers. However, when Moore and his companies provided documentation that they were financially unable to pay the penalties, the FTC agreed to suspend all but $10,000 of restitution to customers. As part of the settlement, Moore agreed to intensive monitoring of his business practices.
What's the significance of the settlement for buyers who need to boost their credit scores to qualify for a mortgage in today's tougher underwriting environment? No. 1: If the problems in your credit files reflect actual late payments, nonpayments, tax liens or foreclosures, don't look for magic or miracles. No legitimate "repair" service can make them disappear permanently.
Most serious credit issues are likely to remain in your files for three years to seven years, and bankruptcies and foreclosures for as much as a decade.
On the other hand, if your credit files contain erroneous information, it's a different dynamic. Either you or an organization that specializes in credit assistance can contact the sources of the bad information and get it corrected on your national bureau files.
But under no circumstances should you pay money upfront for credit-repair services. If a company requires you to do so, file a complaint with the FTC at ftc.gov.