LOS ANGELES -- In most sports, when things go badly, as they often have the past few years in horse racing, they fire the person in charge.
That person is safe in horse racing. He or she doesn't exist.
It is a sport without a rudder, an asylum run by the inmates.
Not that they haven't tried to name someone.
In January 1994, racing appointed Brian McGrath as head of the Thoroughbred Racing Association. He was supposed to be the czar of the sport, even though he knew little about it. He was there to market and brand and get more TV exposure.
He lasted 17 months.
Then, coming on the scene in 1998 was Tim Smith, who had worked for the Atlanta Olympic Committee, the Carter administration and the PGA Tour. He was smart and personable and became the head of the NTRA, which had added the word "National" to its title.
"We even called him the commissioner," said R.D. Hubbard, former owner of Hollywood Park and current member of the 13-person Breeders' Cup board.
Smith resigned in 2004.
Hubbard said that didn't work because, despite the NTRA's important-sounding title, it does not have the authority to run a sport whose real authority, because of things such as wagering and rules on medication, comes from the states.
"Having a commissioner just doesn't work," Hubbard said. "It's pie in the sky."
So, two weeks after Eight Belles broke down in the Kentucky Derby and was immediately euthanized, sparking instant outrage, soul-searching and not a little defensiveness, the sport can agree only that it has no central power and can't even agree on whether that matters.
Ron Charles, president of Santa Anita Park and chief operating officer of powerful Magna Entertainment Corp., the track's owner, said, "Our rules are now all over the place."
Rick Arthur, equine medical director for the California Horse Racing Board, when asked about the concept of a true commissioner, said, "We need one."
Trainer Richard Mandella said: "Great idea, but who do you get? It would have to be someone independent of any special interest group. Someone who could bring everybody together."
Mother Teresa is no longer with us, so maybe longtime racing secretary Tom Knust's idea has credence.
"We need a dictator," he said.
Then there is the plan of Bob Baffert, one of the winningest trainers.
"I'd make Wayne Lukas commissioner," he said, referring to another legendary trainer and longtime rival. "He knows the sport, the people. He could get through all the politics and get something done. When the filly went down in the Derby, I would have just hauled Lukas out of the stands and put him in charge, let him handle the press and the doctors."
Lukas, 72, laughed at the thought of Baffert being his public relations agent and agreed that he, too, thought the sport needed to put somebody in charge, then respectfully declined.
"I don't want a desk job," he said.
Beyond the question of leadership, the industry is wrestling with the issue of synthetic surfaces, now used at nine tracks in the country, including four in California.
Frank Calabrese, leading owner at Arlington Park from 2000 to 2007, said, "I feel right now that the safest track is Polytrack."
Hubbard greets the topic with a grumble. "One thing that is not the answer is the [synthetic tracks] Richard Shapiro and California are mandating," he said.
Mostly, much of racing is more than perturbed that all the attention over Eight Belles is detracting from the star quality of Derby winner Big Brown.
While lacking authoritative leadership, racing doesn't lack vision, nor a desire to fix what it can.
Hubbard is the head of the site selection committee for the Breeders' Cup. In an unprecedented move, the Cup has decided to stay in the same place, Santa Anita, for the next two events, starting this fall. Hubbard said he can see things turning around for his sport with a Triple Crown winner and a well-marketed Breeders' Cup in a major media market such as Los Angeles.
"We want to take things to the next level," he said.
Racing has established commissions, appointed committees, called on its best and brightest to improve things. BloodHorse.com even reported recently that a study done in Southern California has developed a blood test that has a "90 percent predictability for diagnosing a pre-fracture injury" in a thoroughbred.
That would be a startling breakthrough. So would an announcement from somebody with the authority to demand everybody use it.
Bill Dwyre writes for the Los Angeles Times. Sandra McKee and Ken Murray of The Sun, Michael Cunningham of the South Florida Sun-Sentinel, Neil Milbert of the Chicago Tribune, Tania Ganguli of the Orlando Sentinel and Larry Stewart of the Times contributed to this article.