RANDALL FORSBERG, 64 Anti-nuclear activist
Randall Forsberg, the activist who founded the nuclear freeze movement and led the largest-ever demonstration against nuclear weapons in 1982, died Oct. 19 of cancer in a Bronx, N.Y., hospital .
Dr. Forsberg, a political science professor at City College of New York, , launched the anti-nuclear movement with a paper she wrote while earning a doctorate in international studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The paper, "Call to Halt the Nuclear Arms Race," described the devastation that the weapons possessed by the United States and the former Soviet Union could wreak on the world, and called for both countries to stop testing and making nuclear weapons.
On June 12, 1982, after dozens of towns and state lawmakers had passed nuclear freeze proposals, more than 700,000 people led a no-nukes march through Manhattan and Central Park.
The movement waned in the mid-1980s when President Ronald Reagan was re-elected and pushed for a buildup of military weapons and the creation of a "star wars" missile defense shield.
Dr. Forsberg founded and headed the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies for nearly three decades after that in Brookline, Mass., and served as an adviser to two presidents on arms control.
THOMAS W. DAWES, 64 Musician, jingle writer
Thomas W. Dawes, a rock musician and composer who wrote music for some of advertising's best-known commercial jingles, including "Plop, Plop, Fizz, Fizz" for Alka-Seltzer and "7Up, the Uncola," died Oct. 13 of a stroke in Manhattan.
Mr. Dawes was a co-founder of the Cyrkle, a folk-pop group with a brief career that is best known for its 1966 hit single "Red Rubber Ball," written by Paul Simon and Bruce Woodley.
When Mr. Dawes left the band, he turned to the jingle business. He wrote 30 to 40 in the 1970s and '80s, his wife estimated, a number of them immortalized in pop culture. Aside from his work for Alka-Seltzer and 7Up, some of his catchier tunes were on campaigns for L'eggs hosiery ("Our L'eggs Fit Your Legs)" and American Airlines ("We're American Airlines, Doing What We Do Best"). The 7Up jingle, which he wrote, was recorded by his band and submitted as a demo in a company jingle contest for rock groups.