Irish singer, songwriter and storyteller Tommy Makem, who teamed with the Clancy Brothers to become stars during the folk music boom, died of cancer Wednesday. He was 74.
Mr. Makem died in Dover, N.H., where he had lived for many years, his son Conor said yesterday. He had battled lung cancer.
Mr. Makem, who was born in Ireland, came to the United States in the 1950s to seek work as an actor. He grew to international fame while performing with the band, The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem. The brothers, also from Ireland, were Tom, Liam and Paddy Clancy.
Armed with his banjo, tin whistle, poetry, stagecraft and his baritone voice, Mr. Makem helped spread stories and songs of Irish culture around the world.
He brought audiences to tears with "Four Green Fields," about a woman whose sons died trying to prevent strangers from taking her fields. Other songs included "Gentle Annie" and "Red Is the Rose."
"He just had the knack of making an audience laugh or cry ... holding them in his hands," Mr. Liam Clancy told RTE Radio in Dublin, Ireland.
The New York Times in 1967 called the band "an eight-legged, ambulatory chamber of commerce for the green isle they love so well. ... At one point, Irish teenagers were paying as much homage to them as to the Beatles."
After touring for about nine years as The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem, he struck out on his own, but he remained friends with the brothers. Tom Clancy died in 1990 and Paddy in 1998.
In the 1950s, Mr. Makem and his friends saw their first few albums - The Rising of the Moon and a collection of drinking songs - as a fluke.
In a 1994 Associated Press interview, Mr. Makem recalled he was astonished when a Chicago club offered him more money to sing for a week than he was getting for acting with a repertory company.
"I was the opening act for Josh White. I felt sort of silly, coming out and singing unaccompanied, and then Josh coming out and almost making the guitar talk," he said.
As their fame spread, they appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show and other major TV shows, and headlined concerts at Carnegie Hall and London's Royal Albert Hall.
A young Bob Dylan was one of the folk singers who got to know Mr. Makem and the Clancys during the early 1960s.
"Topical songs weren't protest songs," Mr. Dylan wrote in his memoir Chronicles Volume One. "What I was hearing pretty regularly, though, were rebellion songs, and those really moved me. The Clancy Brothers - Tom, Paddy and Liam - and their buddy Tommy Makem sang them all the time."
In 1992, Mr. Makem and the Clancys were among the stars performing in a gala tribute to Mr. Dylan at New York's Madison Square Garden. Eric Clapton, George Harrison, Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson, Tracy Chapman and Mr. Dylan took part.
President Mary McAleese of Ireland led the tributes to Mr. Makem after his death. "Always the consummate musician, he was also a superb ambassador for the country, and one of whom we will always be proud," Ms. McAleese said.
Even while battling cancer, he was maintaining a performance schedule, and he visited Belfast last month to receive an honorary degree and returned to his native Armagh.
"He had very much wanted to get over there," his son said. "I think he knew it might have been his last time over." WALTER DAWSON, 59 Former music critic
Walter Dawson, a former music critic and editor for The Commercial Appeal in Memphis, Tenn., died Monday of a heart attack, according to the newspaper.
He began his journalism career at the Memphis newspaper in 1968, eventually becoming the newspaper's music critic and an editor in the business and metro departments.
Mr. Dawson covered the death of Elvis Presley in 1977, the Rolling Stones and the region's rock 'n' roll, blues, punk, soul and gospel scenes.
He left in 1994 to become managing editor of California's Monterey County Herald. He and his family returned to Memphis in 1999, and he began working in public relations for First Tennessee Bank in 2000. He worked there until his death.
NORMA GABLER, 84 Textbook crusader
Norma Gabler, who spent much of the past 46 years fighting for accuracy in textbooks, died July 22 in Phoenix of Parkinson's disease.
Mrs. Gabler and her husband, Mel, founded Educational Research Analysts, a nonprofit group that describes itself as a conservation Christian organization.
They began their crusade against textbook errors in 1961 after finding mistakes in their son's textbooks. Mr. Gabler died in 2004.
Jim Gabler said his father checked facts, and his mother spoke before state officers reviewing textbooks.
He said his parents' work led to changes in the way textbooks were adopted. He said some publishers would submit their books to his parents before the approval process began so they could learn of any objections the Gablers might have.
Neal Frey, president of Educational Research Analysts, said the organization would continue.
NORMAN A. WIGGINS, 83 Campbell University head
Norman A. Wiggins, the chancellor and retired president of Campbell University, died Wednesday in Buies Creek, N.C., of complications from lymphoma.
He was president of the private, Baptist-affiliated university for 36 years before he retired in 2003 because of health problems. He was later named chancellor.
The university said Dr. Wiggins was being treated at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem when he died.
Dr. Wiggins was a native of Burlington, N.C., and served in the Marines in World War II.
He earned an associate's degree at Campbell Junior College, the predecessor of Campbell University. He went on to earn bachelor and law degrees at Wake Forest University, then earned a master's degree and a doctorate in law at Columbia University School of Law.
Dr. Wiggins taught law and was general counsel at Wake Forest until he was named Campbell's president in 1967.
During his tenure, the university grew to include schools of law, business, education, divinity and pharmacy.
Campbell also established satellite programs at North Carolina's military bases under Dr. Wiggins' leadership, as well as a partnership with Tunku Abdul Rahman College in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Dr. Wiggins wrote three books on wills, trusts and estates. He also was a former president of the North Carolina Baptist State Convention.