Renowned Iraqi poet Nazek al-Malaika, who was famous as the first to write Arabic poetry in free verse rather than classical rhyme, died Wednesday of old age at a hospital in Cairo, where she had lived in self-imposed exile since 1990, said Nizar Marjan, the Iraqi consul in the Egyptian capital.
Born in Baghdad in 1922 to a mother who was a poet and a father who was a teacher, Ms. al-Malaika discovered a love for literature early in life, writing her first poem at age 10.
She graduated in 1944 from the College of Arts in Baghdad, where she also studied music. Ten years later, she traveled to the United States to study and received a master's degree in comparative literature from the University of Wisconsin.
In 1947, Ms. al-Malaika published her first collection of poems under the title Night's Lover. Her second collection, Sparks and Ashes, came two years later.
Bottom of the Wave was published in 1957, and her fourth collection, Tree of the Moon, came out in 1968.
She spent 40 years teaching Arabic and literature in Iraqi schools and universities, and also wrote literary criticism.
Ms. al-Malaika left Iraq in 1970, just two years after Saddam Hussein's Baath Party came to power. She lived in Kuwait until Mr. Hussein's 1990 invasion, when she left Kuwait City for Cairo.
JIM SHOULDERS, 79 Rodeo cowboy, beer pitchman
Jim Shoulders, who built his name as a rodeo cowboy and achieved added fame as a beer pitchman, has died. Mr. Shoulders had a longtime heart ailment and died Wednesday in Oklahoma City, son Marvin Paul Shoulders said.
Jim Shoulders won 16 world championships, the most of any rodeo cowboy, and was a charter member of the Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame.
Years after riding his final bull, he starred with former Yankees manager Billy Martin in popular ads for Miller Lite.
Mr. Shoulders, who was born in Tulsa in 1928, was 14 when he entered his first rodeo and 21 when he won his first world title in 1949. He ended up with five world championships in all-around, seven in bull riding and four bareback.
Mr. Shoulders was also reserve champion 10 times, including four second-place finishes in the all around.
He was riding until a few months ago.