The Baltimore Sun

EDWARD MALLORY, 76 Soap-opera actor

Edward Mallory, a Cumberland native who portrayed angst-ridden Dr. Bill Horton on the NBC daytime drama Days of Our Lives for 14 years, died Wednesday. He had been ill for several years, said his wife, Suzanne.

Mr. Mallory, of Salisbury, Pa., appeared on the soap opera from 1966 to 1980. He played an underdog surgeon who pined for and eventually married his brother's wife after years of keeping secret that he had fathered her son.

In 2002, Mr. Mallory told the Frostburg State University alumni magazine that he loved Shakespeare but jumped at the chance to work in television and movies, including the 1962 feature films Diamond Head and The Bird Man of Alcatraz.

He also directed several daytime serials and wrote, directed and produced documentaries for The History Channel and A&E.;

Mr. Mallory joined the Frostburg State faculty as artist-in-residence in 2004. He taught writing, acting and directing, and oversaw student-made documentary films.

CALVIN LOCKHART, 72 'Blaxploitation' actor

Calvin Lockhart, an actor who won acclaim for his roles as underworld figures in 1970s "blaxploitation" films, died March 29 of complications from a stroke, said his wife, Jennifer Miles-Lockhart.

Born the youngest of eight children in the Bahamas, Mr. Lockhart moved to New York as a teenager to study engineering but quickly found his calling in the theater.

His first big-screen role was in the 1967 film Joanna, about an interracial romance in London. He was later praised for his portrayal of an unscrupulous preacher in the 1970 Ossie Davis-directed Cotton Comes to Harlem.

Mr. Lockhart also played a disc jockey-turned-sleuth in the 1972 blaxploitation film Melinda, and the gangster character Biggie Smalls in 1975's Let's Do It Again.

JIMMY LEE SMITH, 76 'Onion Field' inspiration

Jimmy Lee Smith, the lifelong criminal whose role in the 1963 kidnapping and killing of a police officer inspired Joseph Wambaugh's true-life crime novel The Onion Field, died Friday at the Pitchess Detention Center in Castaic, Calif., where he was being held for failing to report to a parole officer, a California prisons official said.

Foul play was not suspected, but the cause of death was under investigation, according to the county coroner's office.

Mr. Smith was once sentenced to death for the killing of Officer Ian Campbell, and his parole after 19 years in prison drew public outrage when he was released in 1982.

LAURIE BAKER, 90 Humanitarian, architect

Laurie Baker, the British architect whose meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in the 1940s started him on a lifelong career of designing low-cost and environmentally respectful houses in India, died April 1 at the Hamlet, a home he designed in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of the state of Kerala, India.

Mr. Baker, who was awarded Indian citizenship in 1988, designed many innovative structures and inspired a movement that thrives today in the hands of Indian architects.

His masterpiece is the Center for Development Studies, a 10-acre postgraduate campus built in the early 1970s on a hill above Thiruvananthapuram. It combines rippling brick walls coiled around trees; shady, circular courtyards; a network of raised walkways; roof terraces; and an eight-story library tower.

A pacifist from a Quaker family from Birmingham, Mr. Baker had studied architecture there before being stranded for several months in Mumbai while on his way home from World War II service with a naval medical unit. Through Quaker friends, he met Gandhi, who took an amused look at the shoes Mr. Baker had sewn together from discarded scraps and asked him if he could use that kind of ingenuity in architecture to help build homes for India's poor.

Mr. Baker decided that inexpensive local building methods constituted the solution to housing the impoverished.

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