Daniel Lewis sat riveted to a computer screen while an animated figure marched into a virtual Cold Stone Creamery store and asked for ice cream.
A tiny clock ticked away the seconds while Lewis tried to pick the right flavors and scoop the correct amounts.
"That's not fair!" Lewis protested as his customer headed for the exit, wearing a frown and muttering displeasure.
When the game ended, it told him to the penny how much his mistakes would cost the store if he didn't correct them.
"It's a very fun game," said the 20-year-old student at the Illinois Institute of Art. "I could sit there for an hour and play."
Lewis is part of a fast-growing cohort of workers in their late teens and 20s who are having a wide-ranging impact on the way organizations try to engage employees and teach them to do their jobs.
Employers are developing computer simulations and games and combining high-tech with high-touch approaches to harness their enthusiasm and energy. Nike Inc. is experimenting with putting sales training on mobile devices, perhaps eventually cell phones. Other companies are posting videos and "vlogs," or video blogs, to give candidates a look at what jobs entail.
"A lot of employers are just beginning to realize we can't continue to do things the way we have," said Forrester Research senior analyst Claire Schooley.
One in every five private-sector workers is a member of Generation Y, also known as Millennials. Born between the late 1970s and late 1990s, they are the biggest generation since the baby boomers and the fastest-growing segment of the work force.
"This is a different kind of worker," said consultant Bruce Tulgan, author of Managing the Generation Mix. "They are not going to come in and figure it out and keep their heads down and their mouths shut."
Having grown up online with instant messaging, they type as easily as they talk. They are impatient with long explanations.
They want immediate rewards. They are willing to do grunt work if it's clear what they get in return and how their job relates to the bigger picture.
Programmed by their parents for success before they learned to walk, they expect deeply involved bosses. They are used to being told they are winners even when they lose. "They see themselves as extremely valuable on Day One," Tulgan said.
Chicago's Northwestern Memorial Hospital has revamped its orientation three times in the last six years to keep up with the changing work force, said Chief Learning Executive Justin Lombardo. New hires meet all the top executives on their first day of orientation. Rather than hearing speeches, they meet them during casual coffee breaks.
"We brought that about because of the younger generation's need to connect with the people in the organization," Lombardo said. "They are loyal to the people, not to the place."
Instead of getting a three-ring binder, new employees get a pocket-sized notepad with eight blank pages. Everything they need to know is online.
"We spend a significant amount of time saying, 'Here are your technology tools,' " Lombardo said. "And when we say, 'This is your notebook,' they all laugh and applaud."
"At the end of the first day, after they've met the senior leaders and gotten an overview of the values, we come back and say, 'You tell us how you're going to contribute to that story.' Most Gen X and Gen Ys want to tell you what they think."
Like a growing number of private employers Northwestern also uses live and computer-based simulations to teach specialized skills.
"Employers are moving headlong into computer simulations and animated training modules," said Schooley, the analyst.
Nike Inc. began developing Web-based training four years ago to reach sales associates who work at sporting goods stores that carry Nike products. Their average age is 18 to 24.
"We thought about this audience for quite a while," said Michael Donahue, a program manager at Nike's Beaverton, Ore., headquarters. "We knew the program had to be entertaining. A lot of these kids have grown up in the gaming era."
The result was "Sports Knowledge Underground," an interactive program with animation and sound that mimics a subway system with routes to learning basic sales skills and product information.
The program is updated quarterly when new products are introduced. Donahue credits the training with increasing sales by 5 percent to 6 percent at stores that use the program.
Next on the horizon is a version that can be delivered to personal digital assistants and iPods, and perhaps eventually to cell phones.
Computer networking gear-maker Cisco Systems Inc. developed a computer game to teach binary math, a skill that is fundamental to networking.
"We really believe the game is effective," said Jerry Bush, a Cisco program manager who developed it. "Typically somebody who plays for five minutes will solve maybe 50 problems."
Other companies are using online videos as recruiting tools. Global accounting firm Ernst & Young, which expects to hire 3,300 college graduates this year, gave a group of San Francisco interns video cameras and encouraged them to "vlog" about their experience.
CDW Corp., which expects to hire more than 780 account managers this year, wanted to be sure they had a realistic picture of what the job requires. The company's three-minute video depicting "a day in the life of a CDW account manager" shows a fast-paced environment in which one manager says, "I'm not going to clock out at 5 if I have a customer who needs some help."
"We wanted to improve retention, to make sure candidates knew what they were signing up for," said Melissa McMahon, CDW's director of talent acquisition.
At Cold Stone Creamery, where most store employees are high school or college students, an online video introduces them to the company.
"Our job is as much to impress this new crew person as it is for this person to impress us because it sets the stage for retention," said Renee McWenie, senior director of training at the company's Scottsdale, Ariz., headquarters.
New employees go through several hours of computer-based training with quizzes in addition to person-to-person instruction. Each of the lessons is less than eight minutes, McWenie said.
Barbara Rose writes for the Chicago Tribune.