Lothar-Guenther Buchheim, the German author
Lothar-Guenther Buchheim, the German author and art collector best known for his autobiographical novel Das Boot, died Thursday of heart failure, his museum and the office of the governor of Bavaria said.
Bavarian Gov. Edmund Stoiber praised Mr. Buchheim for his contribution to the southern German state, including the museum that houses his collection of art from the Bruecke group of expressionists, including works by Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein and Otto Mueller.
Mr. Buchheim was acclaimed for his works of fiction and nonfiction, including several about his World War II patrol aboard the German submarine U-96 in the Atlantic Ocean in 1941. He crafted that experience into the novel Das Boot (The Boat), which was published in 1973 and carried an underlying anti-war message.
In 1981, the book was turned into an acclaimed German film starring Juergen Prochnow that detailed the hopelessness of war and its effect on sailors living in the cramped confines of their submarine.
AL VIOLA, 87 Guitarist for Frank Sinatra
Al Viola, a guitarist who worked with Frank Sinatra for 25 years and played the mandolin on the Godfather soundtrack, died of cancer Wednesday at his home in Studio City, Calif., said his wife, Glenna.
Mr. Viola performed with Mr. Sinatra at concerts, on recordings and in television specials. He is heard on such Sinatra hits as "My Way" and "New York, New York." The singer once called him "one of the world's great guitarists."
The two met after World War II in Los Angeles, where Mr. Viola was performing with the Page Cavanaugh Trio. He quit the group in 1949 and became a studio musician. In addition to The Godfather, he is heard on numerous TV and movie soundtracks, including West Side Story and Blazing Saddles.
RICHARD LEHMAN, 83 CIA official
Richard Lehman, a CIA official who worked with every president from John F. Kennedy to George H.W. Bush and was credited with creating the president's daily intelligence briefing, died Feb. 17.
Mr. Lehman, who worked at the CIA from 1949 to 1982, was awarded two Distinguished Intelligence Medals, the agency's highest honor. He was also recognized as one of 50 trailblazers who formed the CIA.
Mr. Lehman was chairman of the National Intelligence Council from 1979 to 1981. After retiring from the CIA, he advised President George H.W. Bush's administration when he came into office in 1988.
CARL-HENNING PEDERSEN, 93 Danish painter
Danish painter Carl-Henning Pedersen, a key member of the COBRA art group, known for its spontaneous expressionism, died Tuesday in Copenhagen. Mr. Pedersen, known for his colorful fantasy paintings featuring horses and birds had been ill for a long time.
He held his first exposition in Copenhagen at age 23. Inspired by Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Marc Chagall and Nordic popular art, Mr. Pedersen quickly became one of Denmark's leading post-World War II artists.
In 1949, Danish, Belgian and Dutch artists, including Asger Jorn and Karel Appel, formed COBRA - the name drawn from the cities of Copenhagen, Brussels and Amsterdam.